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Russia: At a seven-year high, the ruble

 The Russian ruble is constantly strengthening against the dollar despite sanctions on the Russian economy.

Despite the economic sanctions of the West due to the invasion of Ukraine, the Russian national currency is constantly strengthening.

On Tuesday, the ruble went on sale in international money markets for less than $ 55, which is the first time since June 2015, according to the Russian news agency.

The ruble is also strengthening against the euro since the relative correspondence reaches 57.9 rubles.

At the same time, international oil prices are rising.

Iraq: Summer - hell, the temperature reaches 50 degrees

 It has turned into a continuing torture in the summer in Iraq as the thermometer has been stuck for days close to 50 degrees.

An unusual heatwave is hitting Iraq this June, with temperatures hovering above normal. In Baghdad, the thermometer showed 50 degrees in the shade at the beginning of the month, according to the state television network.

According to the APE-MPE, due to lack of maintenance and resources, the electricity network is collapsing, resulting in Iraqis having electricity only a few hours a day. And not everyone can afford private companies, as the cost is about 100 euros per month for a family of four.

"National priority"

Iraq is facing a summer out of hell, following a spring marked by sandstorms and dust, which were also caused by climate change and desertification, according to meteorologists.

"As heat waves and sandstorms are expected to increase, we expect to have more patients with climate-related health problems," said Saif al-Badr, a spokesman for the Iraqi Ministry of Health.

Climate is changing, temperatures are rising and Iraq is at the forefront of the effects of climate change, President Barham Saleh has warned. He called for the treatment of its effects to be reduced to a "national priority because it poses an existential threat to future generations".

In the province the crops are expected to be catastrophic. "Desertification is affecting 39% of Iraq, and water scarcity is a problem in all of our provinces," Saleh said.

At the moment, the climate is in the background on the political agenda.

Eight months after the parliamentary elections, the Shiite parties, which have a majority in parliament, have failed to agree on who will be the country's prime minister. Incumbent Prime Minister Mustafa Kazimi is dealing with current affairs.

For Natak al-Hafaji, a resident of Nasiriyah, this means "living without electricity". Today the temperature reaches 44 degrees Celsius. "I can still stand it, but for children and the elderly it is very difficult."

"The heat kills us"

Although Iraq is a country rich in hydrocarbons, it is facing energy shortages. That's why he had to turn to Iran, which supplies him with a third of the gas it needs to generate electricity.

But Baghdad owed $ 1.6 billion to Tehran, which cut off gas supplies for a few weeks in the spring. Iraq finally settled its debt in mid-June.

However, the numerous, daily power outages did not stop.

At the same time, the level of the rivers is constantly decreasing due to the reduced rainfall and the dams created by Iran and Turkey.

And that's just the beginning. The World Bank estimates that if Iraq does not adopt appropriate policies, the country's available water reserves could be reduced by 20% by 2050.

For the 70% of Turks, summer vacations are a forbidden fruit

 Due to high inflation and the continued devaluation of the pound, most Turks will not be vacationing this summer.

With inflation at levels above 70% (according to official measurements) summer vacations for Turks will remain a summer night dream for the majority of Turkish citizens.

According to a poll conducted in Turkey, seven out of ten Turks do not even think about taking a vacation this summer as they are unable to finance them.

With inflation at levels above 70% (according to official measurements) summer vacations for Turks will remain a summer night dream for the majority of Turkish citizens.

According to a poll conducted in Turkey, seven out of ten Turks do not even think about taking a vacation this summer as they are unable to finance them.

People on the edge but in 2021 $ 6.5 billion more was spent on nuclear

 New pages of the anti-nuclear movement are being written in Vienna and elsewhere these days.

All of us who deal with the issue of nuclear weapons and the efforts to eliminate them, have from today and for 6 days, our minds, eyes and hearts, focused on Vienna. There, we were led 1,000,000 steps, and more, by men, women and children, around the world. There, where the pulse of the international anti-nuclear movement beats, from 18 to 23 June, at the first high-level meeting of the 63 member states of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.

Nothing came by chance. From the very first use of nuclear weapons by the people of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the first steps to eliminate them were taken by natural scientists and doctors, while the first resolution in the newly established UN, explicitly states "the elimination of national weapons of atomic weapons and all other important weapons that can be used for mass destruction ". However, the Cold War period brought a dizzying increase in nuclear weapons and their testing, by air, land and sea. Thousands of people and their descendants continue to suffer from health problems associated with these trials in various parts of the world.

The struggles of the anti-nuclear movement continued with intensity all these decades, from the legendary march of 1 million protesters in New York in 1982, to the huge anti-nuclear movement in Europe and the Peace March in Greece with the arrogant strength of Grigoris Lambrakis and Ososes who followed in his footsteps. And if the START treaties brought reductions in the number of nuclear warheads of the two superpowers, the US and the USSR (and later, Russia), the 21st century begins with grandiose plans to modernize the nuclear arsenal of the nine nations that hold this power.

No one has slept more peacefully all these years. And no one has forgotten what a nuclear weapons conflict would mean anywhere in the world. No one forgot the victims, the environmental disaster, the financial bleeding. The fight continued, with ICAN's international initiative to eliminate nuclear weapons. And in 2017, 10 years after its creation, it managed to vote in the UN, the text of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), an event that gave it the Nobel Peace Prize the same year.

In simple words, SAPO: "Prohibits nations from developing, testing, producing, manufacturing, transporting, possessing, storing, using or threatening to use nuclear weapons or to allow nuclear weapons to be placed on the ground their. It also prohibits them from assisting, encouraging or motivating anyone to engage in any of these activities. "

Today, 63 countries have already ratified SAPO and are full members. Today, an additional 84 countries have signed it and it remains to be ratified by national parliaments. Today, the region of Central America is the first of which all countries are full members of the Treaty. Today, hundreds of capitals and cities around the world are calling on their governments to ratify the SAPO. Today, already 10% of Greek municipalities call on the Greek Government to sign and ratify the SAPO. (campaign #sosetinpolis)

At the same time, according to ICAN's annual report on nuclear weapons expenditure in 2021:

- $ 82.4 billion was spent by the nine nuclear-armed countries in 2021. $ 6.5 billion more than in 2020.

- 20 nuclear weapons companies received at least $ 19.2 billion in remuneration for nuclear weapons work in 2021 and received $ 30.2 billion in new contracts

- $ 117 million spent by nuclear weapons companies to put pressure on governments.

Nevertheless, due to the entry into force of SAPO, in 2020, 101 capital management companies amounting to 14 trillion. said they were no longer funding programs related to the development, maintenance and modernization of nuclear weapons.

So we are here. In Vienna and around the world. They brought us 1,000,000 and more steps here. And we will not stop until the nuclear weapons and the threat they represent are eliminated. There is no time and space for other discussions. The action against nuclear weapons is intensifying daily and all of us, we can declare present and present in this battle over time. There is no doctrine of preventing the complete elimination of nuclear weapons. There is no political ideology that supports the use of nuclear weapons. There is only one immoral political ideology that supports their existence, just as they are immoral. Now, it is also illegal. New pages of the anti-nuclear movement are being written in Vienna and elsewhere these days, and from person to person, we invite you to take the next steps. Take your own step, one of humanity's next 1,000,000 to a world free of nuclear weapons.

* Nikos Stergiou is the President of the Greek branch of the organization "World Without War and Violence". The article was originally posted on the Pressenza portal.

France: Elizabeth Bourne's "bomb" resignation - Not accepted by Macron

 The Prime Minister of France submitted her resignation to the President after the latter's inability to secure an absolute majority in the French National Assembly.

The Prime Minister of France, Elizabeth Bourne, submitted her resignation to President Emanuel Macron, who did not accept it, "so that the government can remain in office" in the coming days, the Palais des Champs-Elysees announced.

Following Sunday's election, Emmanuel Macron does not have an absolute majority in the French National Assembly.

"Given this situation, the head of state will hold" the necessary political consultations to identify the expected constructive solutions in the service of the French, "the Elysee Palace said in a statement, ahead of a series of meetings with leaders. of parties in the afternoon the President of France at the Presidential Palace.

"Since there is no parliamentary majority, the question arises how the necessary decisions for the country will be taken and implemented. "This is the meaning of this meeting with the political forces," said circles close to the presidency.

Republican President: "Macron is arrogant, he depends on him"

The leader of the French Conservative Party, Les Republicains (LR), the fourth force in the French National Assembly, told France Inter radio today that it was up to Emanuel Macron to change course and take his party's political proposals into account. if he wants to continue ruling after the loss of an absolute majority.

"He was arrogant and now he is calling for help," said Christian Jacob.

Although he stated that "our position is very clear, we are in opposition and we will remain," said the head of the LR, whose economic platform moves in the same direction as the economic policy positions of the French president, adding: "It depends by Emanuel Macron to change course and take into account our political proposals. We will submit proposals every time ".

The President of France begins consultations with the leaders this afternoon

France: Five things we keep from the French elections

Two months after the re-election of Emanuel Macron, the French president's party emerges virtually defeated in the second round of parliamentary elections held on Sunday: it will be deprived of the absolute majority in the National Assembly and will face a "tsunami" during the Marin Lepen, the unprecedented advance of the far right.

The following are five elements that, according to APE-MPE, are worth keeping in mind for the election process of the 577 members of the lower Parliament of France.

"Slap" for Emanuel Macron

The center-liberal presidential faction Ensemble ("Together") is limited to a relative majority in the National Assembly.

According to polling institutes, it will lack at least forty seats to reach the 289 it needed to govern alone. Unprecedented negative performance: this is the smallest relative majority in the 5th Republic, ie since 1958.

If these results are confirmed, the question arises above all whether and to what extent Mr Macron will be able to govern and advance the reforms he has promised, especially in pensions.

The left official opposition

The leader of the radical left, Jean-Luc Melanson, did not win the bet to impose cohabitation on Emanuel Macron, in other words, to force him to name him the new prime minister.

But he managed to turn the left into the official opposition, as he is expected to secure around 150 seats. The NUPES alliance, which brings together socialists, environmentalists, communists and the radical left, has crushed several figures in Mr Macron's faction and prevented the president from securing an absolute majority.

"We achieved the political goal we set less than a month ago," which was to defeat Mr Macron, Mr Melanson said, accusing the head of state of "arrogance".

The far right comes out

His goal was to reach at least 15 deputies to form a parliamentary group in the French National Assembly. According to forecasts, however, the National Alarm may occupy six times as many seats.

Marin Le Pen, who was re-elected in Pas de Calais (north), may have 80 to 95 deputies - ten to fifteen times more than today. The unlucky candidate in the second round of the presidential election promised to exercise "strict" and "responsible" opposition.

The defeated ministers and executives

Many significant figures of the presidential faction suffered painful defeats: the president of the outgoing National Assembly Richard Ferran, the leader of the parliamentary group of Christoph Castaner ...

Three ministers, Amelie de Monsallen (Ecological Transition), Brigitte Bourguignon (Health) and Justin Benin (Maritime and Shipping), had the same fate and are expected to leave the government's denominations, according to France. .

High abstention

As in the first round, more than half of the voters did not go to the polls in the second. The abstention increased even more, it is estimated that it ranged between 53.5 and 54%. It may not have broken the 2017 record (57.36%), but it is estimated that it will be the second highest recorded.

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