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25 Cancer Prevention Foods List

Miracle Foods, Herbs & Fruits That Cure Cancer & Foods Cancer Patients Should Avoid. For effective prevention and cure of cancer, this video is a must watch for all. Don't watch this alone, share it with your friends. When making a list of the most dreaded diseases known to man, the list is incomplete without cancer. This terrible illness attacks different parts of the body, and, hence, has different forms with new ones being discovered. Every year many people in the world die of cancer and cancer-related ailments, with more people getting diagnosed with the disease daily.

While there are many causal elements for the growth or formation of cancer cells in the human body, the most prominent, and often referred to is unhealthy dieting. You must have heard the popular saying, You are what you eat one too many times, and I can bet that your first reaction was always to ignore or downplay the statement. It is really sad that even with the rapid developments and discoveries related to nutrition many people still do not take their nutrition seriously. That been said, nature has always been our last resort, when in fact it should have been the first Port of call. Nature has blessed mankind with so many health beneficial herbs and foods that can cure our ailments.

This information aims to serve the purpose of giving a comprehensive list of foods  drinks, fruits, vegetables, etc  that have been proven to have great cancer-fighting capabilities. Without wasting much time, lets get to it!. Here are some foods, drinks and herbs that can help in reducing the risk of developing cancerous cells, as well as in the treatment of cancer.



1. Green tea
Most herbal teas are rich sources of antioxidants. Various studies have proven that green tea possesses anti-cancer properties that make it a must-have for everyone who desire to live a cancer-free life. Moreover, you will be doing your body a whole lot of good by consuming green tea due to its other health benefits including helping to lower bad cholesterol levels and blood pressure.

2. Beans
Black and red beans varieties are good for the prevention of cancer growth. Other legumes that can help in reducing this risk include garbanzo beans and chickpeas. Beans contain healthy fatty acids and lots of fiber. This makes the consumption of beans a natural way of preventing the growth of cancer cells, as well as in combating the disease.

3. Brown rice
Whole grain like brown rice should also be included for cancer prevention.

4. Turmeric
Turmeric is the basic component of curry powder. Turmeric contains many chemical substances that give the herb its medicinal properties, of which curcumin is the most active compound. Curcumin is beneficial to cancer patients and for persons who want to reduce the risk of the disease. You can add turmeric to your daily diet by mixing a teaspoonful of the powder with one glass of milk and drinking.

5. Carrots
The bright orange coloration of carrots is due to the presence of phytochemicals such as carotenoids (alpha-carotene, beta-carotene etc) in the root plant. Carrots are rich sources of vitamin A, which is the basic building block for these carotenoids. Carrots can be eaten in their raw form or processed for their juice, which is a less stressful way of reaping the many health benefits of consuming carrots.

6. Ginger
Ginger is a common kitchen spice with great health benefits that is much overlooked. This root herb has been a source of helpful chemical compounds that benefit the body in various ways. For example, the anti-inflammatory property of ginger makes it useful in relieving pain and for reducing swelling. So, beyond the flavor that ginger adds to your meal, it actually helps to prevent cancer.

7. Garlic
Garlic or Allium sativum is another highly powerful plant that can be used for cancer prevention. Garlic is packed with sulfur compounds that help in boosting the bodys immune system against cancer. Even better, there are recent studies that hint at the potential of garlic in reducing the occurrence of stomach cancer.

8. Berries
Strawberries, raspberries, blueberries, and most other types of berries have been found to contain high levels of antioxidants. One of the active groups of antioxidants found in this pulpy edible fruits is proanthocyanidin. Proanthocyanidin antioxidants help in fighting off free radicals that can lead to damage to the body. Other chemical substances that give berries their cancer-fighting abilities are lycopene, phenols, zeaxanthin, lutein, and cryptoxanthin.

9. Broccoli
Broccoli belongs to the "cruciferous" family of plants that also includes cauliflower and spinach. Like the other members of this plant group, broccoli offers cancer-protecting properties; this is because of the presence of flavonoids in the plant that are active in inhibiting the formation of cancer cells. However, it is important to note that overcooking or microwaving this vegetable plant will destroy most of its active compounds, thereby reducing its potency.

10. Cauliflower
Like its close relative broccoli, cauliflower is also considered a cancer-fighting and cancer-preventing food. For maximum benefit, it is recommended that cauliflowers are eaten raw.

11 Chia seeds
Chia seeds are packed with essential body nutrients like omega-3 fatty acids, which are healthy fatty acids that reduce the risk of getting cancer.

12. Flaxseeds
Like chia seeds, flax seeds are also rich in vital minerals that offer cancer-fighting properties. You can pour some flaxseeds into smoothies or fruit juices to effectively reap their benefits. Other similar seeds that offer anti-cancer capabilities include sesame seeds, sunflower seeds, and hemp seeds.

13. Walnuts
Nuts like walnuts and brazil nuts have been found to be effective in reducing the risk of cancer incidence. Walnuts have omega-3 fatty acids and are great for the prevention of prostate cancer, and breast cancer. To get the most out of walnuts, it is advised that you snack on a considerable number of them instead of sprinkling some on your food.

14. Tomatoes
Tomatoes are packed with lycopene, which is the chemical compound that gives the fruit its red color. Lycopene is a type of carotenoid that is regarded as an anti-cancer agent. There are recent studies that back the fact that the regular consumption of tomatoes can help in lowering the risk of prostate cancer. Unlike leafy vegetables and some fruits that are preferred to be eaten raw, cooked tomatoes offer more health benefits than the raw ones.

15. Mushrooms
While there are various types of mushrooms with varying benefits, the majority of them offer the benefit of boosting the immune system. It is even known in some circles that mushrooms have been used in combating cancer in the long past. You can find nutritious mushrooms packaged as capsules or tinctures. Look in the description box below for how to get it.

16. Celery
Celery is a green vegetable with short leaves and long stalks. Celery belongs to the same family as carrot and parsley. This vegetable is good for the human body as it offers several health benefits including helping to lower high blood pressure, gout treatment, and for combating cancer. The cancer-fighting compounds in celery are the flavonoids, particularly luteolin and

17. apigenin
Studies have shown that luteolin and apigenin have the ability to suppress the growth of tumors.

18. Peaches
Peaches are highly delectable fruits with wonderful health benefits. However, the key to their cancer-fighting capabilities is in the seeds. The extract from the seeds has a great potential for combating cancer.

19. Pomegranate
Pomegranates can be processed into juice. Pomegranate juice has been shown to help in reducing the risk of breast cancer, as well as other types of cancer.

20. Oranges
Beyond the awesome taste of oranges, the fruits are also good at disease prevention, thanks to their high vitamin C content. You can start each day by eating one or more oranges in the morning. It is recommended that you consume oranges away from other foods so as to get the most out of them.

21. Lemon
Like oranges, lemons are rich in vitamin C, which makes them equally good for the prevention and treatment of cancer. Vitamin C is a source of many antioxidants that give citrus fruits (oranges, lemons, lime, tangerines, etc) their anti-cancer properties.

22. Avocado pear
Avocados have high fiber content and are packed with several vitamins and minerals including antioxidants that reduce the risk of cancer. There are different ways of consuming avocados including using them for guacamole or eating them alone. Regardless of the method you choose, you will be doing your body a lot of good.

23. Apples
Apples are delicious fruits that have wonderful health benefits. Eating apples will help to prevent the occurrence of different diseases including cancer. It is best advised that you buy organic apples so as to get the best from them.

24. Beet
Beet is yet another cancer-preventing and cancer-remedial food, albeit it is overlooked most of the times. You can process beets with other fruits for juice or blend them alone. Whichever way you decide to do it, adding beet to your weekly diet will help improve your cancer-free life.

25. Pumpkin
There are research data that confirm the cancer-preventing capabilities of pumpkin. The presence of vitamin E in pumpkin seeds further helps to make the plant a cancer-combating food.

This list is meant to serve as an informational guide; hence, it is advised that you consult professional medical advice while adding the above-mentioned foods.



Top 100 Best Healing Medicinal Herbs Part 1

Top 100 Best Healing Medicinal Herbs Part 2

120 Strange Fruit Around the World Part 1

120 Strange Fruit Around the World Part 2

120 Strange Fruit Around the World Part 3

120 Strange Fruit Around the World Part 4

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12 Herbs Cure Athlete's Foot

15 Herbs For Diabetes

5 Herbs For Sore Throat

8 Properties Of Pandan Leaves


Top 10 Detox Herbs & Spices

Top 10 Herbs For Liver Cleansing And Detoxification.
1. Peppermint


Peppermint isn't just for fresh breath. This herb stimulates bile flow and relaxes bile ducts, helping to break down fats. It also helps reduce bad cholesterol, which makes the liver s job of filtering toxins easier. Peppermint also inhibits blockages in the kidney and gallbladder and calms the stomach for optimal digestion.



2. Aloe Vera


Commonly used to help soothe burns and heal wounds topically, aloe gel also has  antioxidant and hepatoprotective properties and may be taken to help support detoxification. Never consume the green part of the leaf surrounding the Aloe Vera gel, called aloe latex, which is associated with toxic effects, including kidney failure.

3. Organic Yellow Dock Root


This herb is known as a blood purifier and commonly used to cleanse toxins from the body. Yellow dock helps break down fatty foods by stimulating bile production, enhancing normal liver detoxification, improving the flow of digestive juices, helping the liver eliminate toxins, and has mild diuretic effects to help flush out harmful substances. It also helps reduce irritation of the liver and digestive system.

4. Turmeric


Turmeric root is a relative of ginger and has been used for health purposes for thousands of years. It supports the liver by encouraging the release of enzymes that help the liver do its job.

5. Cardamom


Cardamom pod has a number of beneficial functions for the body, supporting the liver as it detoxifies the blood.

6. Oregon Grape Root


This herb has been revered by herbalists for years now. Oregon grape root helps the liver by supporting the steady flow of bile and blood through the liver.

7. Greater Celandine


The ancient Greeks and Romans considered celandine to be one of the most powerful liver cleansing herbs. Maurice Messegue the famous french herbalist used greater celandine for all liver problems. Celandine stimulates enzyme production from the pancreas, helps the liver eliminate foreign particles, stimulates the production of bile, helps relieve gallbladder spasms and improves a sluggish liver.

8. Chicory Root


Known for its vibrant blue flowers, chicory is also a medicinal herb celebrated for its ability to help cleanse the liver. Ancient Roman, Persian, Arabian, and Indian physicians used chicory leaves and root to aid against a slew of liver ailments including jaundice, gallbladder and liver stones, urinary stones, constipation, indigestion, depression, and headaches.

9. Dandelion Root


Dandelions frequently get a bad rap thanks to most landscapers. The truth is that dandelion root has many positive effects on the liver. It acts as a liver cleanser and stimulates the flow of bile through the liver. It is also a good source of iron, potassium, and zinc.



10. Borututu Bark


According to Global Healing Center, Borututu bark is by far one of the most powerful substances when it comes to liver cleansing and digestive system support. It has even shown promise in combating biliary colic, and jaundice. It's also important to note that this herb contains powerful antioxidants which are known to help protect your liver cells from serious damage. The liver is often an organ that gets overlooked when worrying about your health. We are frequently obsessed with the latest fads, exercises, and diets that will help us lose weight, or we focus on lowering our cholesterol levels and strengthening our hearts.

Make no mistake, we all should focus on maintaining a healthy weight, lowering our cholesterol levels, and strengthening our hearts; these are all wise practices. But what about the liver? Did you know that vital organs and body parts such as the heart, brain, kidneys, joints, and eyes depend on strong liver activity?. It would be difficult to have a healthy heart if your liver is not doing what it should. But what is the purpose of the liver? What makes it so important to the overall health of your body? The first thing to realize is that the liver is actually the second most important organ next to the heart. Yes, it's that important.

The liver has a number of functions.
Circulation.
The liver is responsible for nourishing every cell in the body. Each part of the body relies on the liver for circulating and delivering blood regularly. Excretion and Detoxification. The liver also cleanses the blood, removing foreign bodies and filtering out heavy metals and dyes.
Hormone Regulation.
The liver maintains balanced levels of hormones such as estrogen and androgen, eliminating any excess amount through bile or urine. The liver also helps with the body's metabolism in addition to producing important proteins the body needs. In actuality, the liver is a complex organ with many functions that we ve only hinted at. Needless to say, promoting strong liver health and activity is vital for your body's overall health and performance.

Top 100 Best Healing Medicinal Herbs Part 1

Top 100 Best Healing Medicinal Herbs Part 2

120 Strange Fruit Around the World Part 1

120 Strange Fruit Around the World Part 2

120 Strange Fruit Around the World Part 3

120 Strange Fruit Around the World Part 4

ECHINACEA

Echinacea angustifolia, purpurea, pallida
Immune System Beauty

This North American perennial is the monarch of the modern-day herb garden. It has dark green leaves, big stems, large flowers with “daisy” petals, and a many-faceted cone center that is radiant in the sun. The plant has deep, medicinal roots, with three varieties that are specific for immunity.
Angustifolia: Called Black Samson Cornflower, it has eight-inch leaves, large orchid or violet flowers, and a dark cone center. It’s common in the plains states, and was known as Missouri Snakeroot by the Sioux, who used it to treat septic disorders, rabies, and snakebites. It removes toxins and fights infections.
Pallida: The Pale Purple Cornflower blooms in rosy purple, with drooping flower petals. It was a panacea herb for the plains Indians, used for all ills. It stimulates production of white “killer” cells and regulates red blood cells. It’s a lymph system cleanser, tumor-inhibitor, and it’s antiallergenic.
Purpurea: The big Purple Coneflower can grow to five feet tall and blooms with large reddish purple flowers that can reach four inches in diameter. It was used as a cure-all by the Indians, and is prized in Europe, where it is used as an immune system stimulant.

All Infections and Immunity. Echinacea tea is a standard for infections at onset to stimulate immunity and recovery—colds, flu, viruses, gland swelling, lymph congestion, boils, abscesses, inflammatory conditions, and immunity that is compromised by prolonged illness, surgery, or rounds of antibiotics. The warm water of the tea releases the properties best! A tincture with alcohol doesn’t compare.
The standard for taking echinacea is—one month maximum, one month break. If your immunity is very weak, and you take echinacea for more than a week, break after one month. Monthly breaks let your body’s own immune responses show their new strength. One cup of tea per day is a moderate and effective dose, but many herbalists recommend up to three cups of tea per day for a more potent remedy. When you take three cups of tea per day, it’s best to take a break from echinacea after one week, and if you need to resume for another week, scale down your use to one cup per day.
Virtues for Immunity. Echinacea cleans the blood, kidneys, lymph system, and liver, protects healthy cells against decay, fights invaders including bacteria, viruses, fungus, and microbes. It works on a cellular level for defense against disease. It stimulates the production of T-cells, antibodies, and interferon. It’s antiallergenic and anti-inflammatory. It has health-building nutrition, including B-complex vitamins, iron for red blood, calcium for strong bones and teeth, selenium for disease resistance, and silica for tissue repair.

Special feature: Topical Echinacea Skin Toner
Documented evidence from Italian scientists shows that polyphenols in echinacea protect the skin from oxidative damage caused by solar radiation. Sun-damaged collagen loses its ability to contract, and that shows up on your face as wrinkles and roughness, or precancerous growths. Antioxidants in echinacea prevent cellular decay and minimize the effects of sun damage.
These findings indicate what many European women have known for a long time—topical echinacea can work wonders on your skin!

How do you get a potent dose of topical echinacea right in your home? Use echinacea tea for a facial toner. It’s pure echinacea herb delivered in water, without dyes or additives! Pat it on with a cotton ball and let its healing benefits soak into your skin.
Topical Echinacea Recipe: To make topical echinacea toner from ready-made tea bags, purchase echinacea tea as a simple, without other herbs added to make a blend. Look for a tea that uses two or three echinaceas (augustifolia, purpurea, pallida) in one tea. Use two tea bags of echinacea in one cup of water, let the tea steep to a potent brew, and cool. Use a cotton ball to press the echinacea water into your skin. Refrigerate the remaining liquid for repeated use. Make fresh toner every three days. If you use dried herbs, make the toner with two teaspoons of echinacea herb per cup.
It softens hard skin, and penetrates deep to heal “wicked” skin conditions. It’s an excellent toner to use before sunbathing.

Beneficent Parts: Root and rhizome
Properties: Good Source of Vitamins and Minerals, including Vitamins A, B-Complex, B3, G, and E. Rich in Iron. Also has Calcium, Magnesium, Manganese, Potassium, Selenium, Silicon, Sodium, Essential Oil, Polyacetylenes, Polysaccharide, Glycoside, Resin, Betaine, Inulin, Sesquiterpene
Values: Immune Stimulant, Alterative, Antimicrobial, Diaphoretic, Antiallergenic, Antiviral, Antifungal, Anti-inflammatory

Health Benefits Of Gotu Kola

Gotu Kola Chinese Indian Herb For Life Longevity And Rejuvination And Health Benefits. An ancient herb popular in China and India, this herb presents itself in the shape of the human brain to suggest one of its many functions... brain energiser. And if the brain lives, so should the body. Any wonder, then, that Gotu Kola is also known as a longevity herb. Daoist master and herbalist Lich Yuen, who died at the age of 256 years, used this herb every day and advocated its use by every one, it is said.



But this plant was eclipsed, it would seem, by Ginkgo biloba, which became polpular for its ability to improve blood circulation to the brain and within it. Many studies have found that Gotu Kola improves memory, restores brain cells and nerves function, enhances blood quality and circulation, apart from promoting digestion and wound healing. One attribute of Gotu Kola, which recommends its use in improving brain energy, is that it is a middle-of -the-road herb in this regard, not stimulating or overstimilating the system and ceasing no unwanted side effects.

In this respect, JUSTIN Faerman, reports: In one study  children who took half a gramme of Gotu Kola extract every day for one year, demonstrated significant improvement of their intellectual level. After six months, there was a substantial improvement in intelligence, cognitive function and concentration. Besides this, there are many reports that Gotu Kola reduces anxiety and stress and rebuilds the nervous system.

For example, it is said to repair and restore axons which transmit nerve impulses in the brain and in the body. It is found useful in anxiety, stress and insomniac conditions. Dr. Robert Atkins says injustice has been done to Gotu Kola by a tendency to restrict its importance to brain energy. He says it nurtures skin and connective tissue as well, apart from tackling cellulite and varicose veins and phlebitis. It speeds up healing, improves circulation and reduces ankle swelling, he says, adding: People with scleroderma, a serious overgrowth of connective tissue throughout the body may benefit as well. In respect of the brain, Dr. Atkins refers to studies which suggest that Gotu Kola encourages the body to produce choline and assumes this may be why It can enhance brain function in mentally retarded children.

DONG QUAI

Also called TANG KUEI
The Supreme Woman’s Root

his native of China is a member of the carrot family and a relative of Angelica archangelica, an herb that is credited with angelic virtues. The plant has a flowing design that branches out with rich, green, serrated leaves and umbrellalike clusters of tiny white flowers. Its root is brown and fleshy.
Dong quai is a favorite in Chinese blends, and more than two thousand years of use has given it a reputation as the supreme female tonic, but it is equally valuable for both sexes. It is a totally wholesome herb with a broad spectrum of health-enriching properties.
“Chi” Energy. Dong quai is a vital energy tonic with high-level nutrition that builds “Chi” energy, to strengthen the vital life force. It is also known as a dispersing herb—one that can “move” stagnated body fluids (such as the blood) and redistribute the fluids throughout the body for more balance and harmony in the whole body system. It has a very special ability to penetrate small, thin passageways to remove stagnation.
Digestion. A fine digestive regulator, dong quai eases bloating, soothes stomach cramps, calms the entire digestive tract.
Disease Resistance. Dong quai is antiviral, antifungal, and it fights bacteria. It contains selenium, which helps to build your body’s natural barrier to disease, and it has antioxidant vitamin E, for proper absorption of selenium. It also contains silica for tissue repair, iron for healthy blood, and a wealth of other nutrients to strengthen your immunity.

Heart and Blood. It is the most respected heart tonic in the East, because it can dispel patterns of blood stagnation, and that helps to dissolve blood clots. It increases circulation, improves coronary function, and stimulates the production of red blood cells. Its overall effect is soothing, which helps to stabilize minor heart irregularities, and it relaxes the heart muscle to relieve stress on the heart.
Liver. Disperses stagnant energy and clears liver toxins.
Muscles. Dong quai is a restorative tea for muscles and joints. It’s antirheumatic and the dried herb or herb from a tea bag can be used externally as a topical compress on the site of an arthritic or rheumatic ache. To make a topical compress, soak a white cotton cloth in hot dong quai tea and apply to the site. It penetrates deep to reduce inflammation, remove toxins, ease aches, and it stimulates circulation to relieve pressure on the site.
Nerves. Dong quai tea carries nutrients for internal tranquillity, including magnesium, B12, and vitamin E. It’s also warming.
PMS. Dong quai is a relaxing tea for menses disorders, including PMS tension—it contains zinc and calcium, which are often lacking in women who struggle with PMS depression.
Special Feature: Supreme Woman’s Menopause
This is the soundest herb to use for the cycle of hormonal change. It stabilizes estrogen/progesterone production, and it does it without estrogenic properties. It’s a powerful source of nutrients to boost vitality. It guards your heart, and helps to build bone marrow which can be a defense against osteoporosis—two very important concerns in menopause. It’s a soothing, sweet drink that calms your nervous system and eases internal stress. It stimulates circulation, which enhances concentration and memory. It contains a healthy amount of antiaging vitamin E.
Caution: Avoid dong quai if you have diabetes.
Beneficent Part: Root
Properties: High in Vitamin E; Iron, Vitamins A, B3, B12, B-Complex, C, Calcium, Sodium, Zinc, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Potassium, Selenium, Silicon—Volatile Oil, Bitter Iridoids, Resin, Coumarins, Valerianic Acid, Tannins
Values: Dispersing Herb, Blood Tonic, Antispasmodic, Anti-inflammatory, Antiviral, Antifungal, Digestive Tonic, Antirheumatic, Circulatory Stimulant, Hormone Stabilizer, Mildly Expectorant, Relieves Constipation

BORAGE

The Courage and Strength Builder

A native of Europe and England, borage has rough, dark green leaves, blue star-shaped flowers, and small, brown, nutlike fruits. The fresh plant has a fragrance like cucumber, and the leaves have a cucumber taste.

An old adage says that borage is for courage, and its healing properties go straight for the seat of courage—the adrenal glands.
Courage. Borage stimulates the adrenal cortex—the “fight or flight” gland that responds to stress. In addition, borage is a tonic for kidney strength. Strong kidney energy, in Chinese medicine, can help to ease the emotion fear.

Strength. Borage strengthens the lungs and heart, and relieves congestion. The tea can help you recover from a period of prolonged fatigue, and fortify your energy reserves during a time of excessive stress or fearful-ness. It’s also an antidepressant to lift low spirits.
Special Feature: Natural Anti-inflammatory
For inflammatory conditions, borage works better as an iced tea. Borage is best when it is used fresh, not dried.

Caution: Borage contains pyrrolizidine alkaloids which have been linked to liver damage in rats in high doses.
Beneficent Parts: Leaves, flowers, seeds
Properties: Calcium, Potassium, Essential Oil, Mucilage, Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids, Tannins; Seeds Contain Gamma Linoleic Acid
Values: Antidepressant, Anti-inflammatory, Antitoxin, Blood Tonic, Decongestant, Demulcent, Diaphoretic, Diuretic, Galactagogue, Kidney Tonic, Nervine

TOP 100 BEST HEALING MEDICINAL HERBS PART 1

TOP 100 BEST HEALING MEDICINAL HERBS PART 2

120 STRANGE FRUIT AROUND THE WORLD PART 1

120 STRANGE FRUIT AROUND THE WORLD PART 2

120 STRANGE FRUIT AROUND THE WORLD PART 3

120 STRANGE FRUIT AROUND THE WORLD PART 4

Top 15 Creepy Haunted House Stories

15. The Second Floor
When you are given a house, sometimes there are strings attached. iCountFish was staying in his boss’ big house, while he was out of state. He thought it was a super good deal. Although the first few months were ghost-free, after that, the employee started hearing bangs and bumps and distinct footsteps from the second floor. When he went to investigate, he found the door of a walk-in closet in an unfinished room open, so he shut and locked it. But a couple nights later, he heard footsteps again, and he found the door reopened. It wouldn’t stay closed or locked, so he pushed a bed up against it to keep it shut. The door stayed closed thereafter, but that wasn’t the end to the noises. He always heard footsteps and thumps throughout the house. Another employee moved into the home after he left, and that employee only lasted a month. He said that he heard huge slamming noise, like a stack of heavy books dropped, right outside his door while shaving. Then he heard someone racing down the hallway. “I cannot explain how horrifying it is to hear little taps .... from the other side of a bathroom door” Fish writes. Maybe you can’t explain…but that description is horrifying enough.



14. The Shadows
There’s nothing scarier than a spirit blanketed in shadows. The house Denholme lived in with his dad was an enormous five-floor terraced 19th century home. Voices and footsteps were often heard throughout the home. Redditor Denholme2 was just nine or ten years old when he woke up in the middle of the night to find a huge 7-foot shadow-like figure standing and watching him at the foot of his bed. “When the figure noticed me … the door to my room slammed shut,” Denholme writes. Sleep paralysis or paranormal? What do you think? My guess is paranormal based on the door slam.

13. The Maid & the Stableman
When the owners of an old home back out on a promise, the ghosts of those who were deceived are bound to haunt the place. That’s what happened to the occupants of a New York home owned by Redditor Twigsnapper’s uncle. The house was owned in the 1800’s by a family who had promised to give it to the stableman. Instead, the family sold it. And when the stableman passed he and the maid who worked in the home never left. Although the uncle often heard things in the house, they’d just laugh it off, chalking the “haunting” up to legend. But one night, when a friend of his uncle stayed over at the house, the friend saw a maid carrying towels downstairs one night when she awoke. Later, she saw the maid again. The friend assumed his uncle had hired staff, as he could afford it, so she simply went to sleep. When she woke up, she asked his uncle where the maid was, thinking that perhaps she was cooking breakfast. After asking what the maid looked like and receiving the woman’s description, he took her into the living room and showed her an old picture. The friend said that, yes, this was the woman she saw. In response, Twigsnapper’s uncle replied, “Yea, she has been [passed away] for about 100 years.” Straight out of a horror movie, this one.

12. My New House
What if you got blamed for a spirit’s destruction? That’s what happened to Rennie115 when he and his family moved into a haunted house. The first oddity happened within a week of moving in. Rennie’s room had a leak, despite the fact that a storage space was located above him, and it had no pipes. The second creepy thing to happen was a scratching noise from his parents’ floor, coming from the storage space. When he peered in, he saw nothing, but it felt much colder than the rest of the home. And lastly, later that night, Rennie’s parents arrived home after he’d fallen asleep. They woke him up angrily, blaming him for destroying the room. When he finally woke up properly, he was freaking out, because the room was, indeed, a wreck. Things were thrown everywhere, and the furniture had been moved around. Rennie writes: “We now have a dog and he seems really afraid of my parents room” Does anyone have any theories?

11. Loftus Hall
When redditor decearing-eggz entered the famously haunted Loftus Hall in Wexford, Ireland, she expected to encounter the paranormal. But she probably didn’t expect this. Some history of the home: in 1666, a family lived in Loftus Hall when, on a stormy night, a man knocked on their door. Being a handsome gentleman, he was invited in for some cards and drinks. The eldest daughter of the home fell quickly in love with the man, but as they were playing cards, one card fell below the table.

When she went to retrieve it, she was startled to find the man had cloven hooves. She screamed, and the handsome stranger jumped through the roof, a hole forever thereafter remaining. After this visit, the Hall was haunted. Anything holy in the house was destroyed, including statues and paintings in the house’s chapel. A red face is said to appear in one of them. And what of the daughter? She started to go insane, and so was locked in a room until she passed away – a room which she now haunts.

At the age of 17, this Redditor visited the Hall. While in the very same room, she had quite the encounter. The Redditor writes: “While the tour guide was talking … I felt a cold hand slide along my neck and move my hair” Thinking it was her stepmom, she turned to look: her stepmom’s hands were safely in her pockets, and none of her group was near enough to have touched her. For me, that’d be enough to run of that house and never return ever again.

10. Voices
Old houses are full of history…some of it terrifying. Redditor suspiciouspalmtree’s house is one of them. Built in the 19th century, the house has withstood two sons of the previous owner who took his life. It would be strange if it wasn’t haunted. The animals seem to know there’s something going on. When palmtree’s pet dog and parrots awake, they follow something invisible around with their heads.

There are cold spots throughout the home, and palmtree’s brother would hear voices in his room. Palmtree writes: “There’s also a whole floor we don’t use and I sleep in the attic…I pass through that floor to get to my attic … [where] I have a motion activated light there … It would switch on in the middle of the night while nobody [was there].” Motion activation with no one there to activate it? Nothing more horrid. I wonder if he got more motion activated lights, which other places in the house would they be triggered by this ghost.

9. Old Lady Perfume
Some people’s college experience is a little different than others. Redditor munchyz shared an old haunted house with some college roommates. He writes: “Things got so weird that everyone moved out except for me and one roommate.” One of the weird things? A door slamming repeatedly at 3 in the morning. When he yelled at his roommate to stop slamming it, he remembered he was alone in the house. But the slamming stopped when he screamed…only to be replaced by his hippie beads swaying aggresively against his doorframe for a half hour. He writes: “I debated if I should … jump out of the window…(but) I laid ... in bed til it stopped.”

On another occasion, again at 3AM, again alone in the home, the Nintendo started playing extremely loudly on the back porch, waking him from a deep sleep. When he went to investigate, the music grew louder as he approached, but when he opened the door, it was gone. Silence. Only the scent of floral old lady perfume, which was there whenever something creepy happened. This old lady ghost must have been a fan of practical jokes.

8. Whatever Is Up
There When you hear an unusual noise in your attic, you never know what is up there. Headbangergal says that creepy and unexplainable things often happen in her family’s house. The most recent incident occurred when she was working in her office. Upstairs, she heard noises, and she just figured it was the cat playing. But then it sounded like stuff was being thrown around or knocked over in her daughter’s bedroom.

Ignoring the sound, still thinking it was one of the cats, headbanger went to get her phone in her bedroom. That’s when she realized both of her cats and her dog were downstairs, not upstairs. So, what in the world was making all that racket?? To answer your question, headbanger writes: "No, I did not go look for whatever is up there, it can stay up there.” She also states that she’s not the only one who has heard ‘whatever is up there’; her mother, daughter, and brother have as well. ‘Whatever is up there’ paces around and goes up and down the stairs. Sounds like something very creepy resides in that attic.

7. The Crying Girl
If you come across a creepy house on McKean Street in South Philadelphia, do not enter. Redditor Jinsandanders84 shares his story about a haunted house there owned by his grandfather. He claims that the house is haunted from top to bottom, from the third floor to the basement, and it’s haunted with many spirits, some of whom fill the home’s occupants with loneliness, grief, and despair, others of whom fill the occupants with anger.

For a while, the entire third floor of the house belonged to Anders. Sounds great, but just don’t stand at the home’s front window’s on that third floor, because you’ll feel someone try to push you from there. Anders said, that he was told by a neighbor about a past incident where a man took his own life in the house, by “jumping from the third-story window”. On the second and first floors, there are other happenings, one of which involves a man who had moved into the house before his grandfather bought it. When climbing the stairs, the man passed away when his heart failed. So, sometimes, around midnight to 3 AM, creaking on the stairs can be heard, along with the man’s ring sliding up the banister.

Both Anders and his mother have seen the man’s figure on more than one occasion in the stairwell and the halls. But of all the floors, the basement is the creepiest. One small cellar room is particularly haunted. As a child, Anders heard a little girl crying down there in the distance on occasion. While playing with his Tonka trucks down there one day, the truck began to roll of its own accord to one end of the room – the end where this small haunted room stood in the darkness. Then, he heard the girl’s cries and saw the silhouetted figure of a child without feet gliding towards him. As Anders raced away and up the stairs, his Tonka truck was chucked at his back, missing him by mere inches. Anders writes: “I never went back into the basement ever again” After a bizarre incident like that, I can’t say I blame him.

6. Doppelgangers
One of the creepiest on this list was submitted by redditor 1LT_0bvious. “I lived in a house that seemed to be haunted by ‘doppelgangers,’” he writes. He then goes onto explain: “Every event that happened ... involved … a known person being in a place where they should not have been.” In one instance, Obvious was IM’ing with his girlfriend with the webcam turned on. He saw his younger sister in the webcam pass his room to head upstairs to bed, but he didn’t hear her footsteps on the stairs. This was strange as the house was an old Victorian and made a lot of noise.

He went to check the living room, and his sister was lying right there on the couch. What’s more, when he asked his girlfriend if she’d seen something on the webcam, she said she’d seen his sister head upstairs. On another occasion, Obvious and his mom were waiting in the car for his sister, and when she came out, she looked at him oddly. Apparently, she’d called out to him when in the house to tell him they were leaving soon, and he – or someone who sounded exactly like him – yelled down to her that he’d be there in a minute. Obvious’ mom also experienced the doppelgangers. While she slept, someone woke her up by tapping her foot. That someone looked an awful lot like Obvious. He was standing at the bottom of her bed and, after a few seconds, “faded out.” These are just a few of Obvious’ stories about the strange doppelganger happenings in his home. Here’s hoping these doubles disappeared.

5. The Man in the Mirror
JennVixen’s haunted house in Golden, Colorado will keep you up at night. After moving across the country with her boyfriend, Jenn felt exhilarated about living in a new home in a big city. But soon, that exhilaration turned to fear. The first encounter with the paranormal happened when she was waiting on her coffee machine to warm. She heard someone come up behind her and, as her boyfriend left early in the day, she thought it was his sister, who lived on the upper level of the split home. But when she turned around, no one was there. In fact, no one was at home at all.

After keeping this incident to herself for a while, Jenn’s boyfriend’s sister mentioned that her six-year-old daughter was spooked by the home. The daughter claimed that she saw a man in the mirror at the end of the hallway at times. The man wore a strange hat, probably from another century. After several months had passed, more paranormal activity occurred. She often felt like she was being watched. And on one occasion, while bathing upstairs, she heard footsteps outside and saw a shadow pass beneath the door. When she got out, no one was there. On one occasion, they found more than twenty black snakes in a tangle, outside their backyard. She also felt a heaviness while in bed, as if dozens of spirits stood around them. “I will never forget that feeling” Jenn writes. The entire place had a bad energy. It’s lucky they got out alive.

4. 1705 Elder Avenue
When you live in an old mansion with “butler stairs,” things are bound to get spooky. Redditor Aberyjane writes of her old country house of 1705 Elder Ave outside of the town of Nichols. The enormous three-bedroom house had butler stairs leading to the kitchen, as well as an elegant curved staircase perfect for sliding down. Even though the house was charming, odd events would occur, making their new home a bit more creepy than charming. Jane’s brother had a doll that would move around the home, turning up in odd places, like in the hallway or on a step.

Although the kids told their parents, they chalked it up to the wild imaginations of children. In the summer, when it was well over 90 degrees, they’d come across cold spots in the home. When Jane was moved to the room above the kitchen, she could hear someone going up and down the butler stairs at night. They even saw a girl on the stairway. But these incidents pale in comparison to what happened to Jane. Nearly a year after they’d moved in, a girl ghost would appear. Jane would be alerted to her apparition by the cats, which would begin to hiss. Then, the girl’s voice…

In these appearances, ghost girl would make fun of her, telling Jane that her family hated her, and she should take her own life. Girl ghost also said that she’d taken the life of her cat, which she did one weekend when the family went camping. The cat was discovered passed away under her bed. Another of her cats was her protector. Whenever Jane was alone in the home and feared “the girl,” she’d go to the basement, and the cat would sit on the top steps to guard her from the spirit. After moving out of the house in 8th or 9th grade, Jane was no longer depressed. Whoever leased the farmhouse ended up knocking down every building on the property. Jane writes: “All that's left ... is one large tree and the concrete foundation.” That’s probably a good thing.

3. The Presence
After his parents moved him overseas to the UK as a child, redditor Nai75 lived in an old run down house with lead pipes that was in the process of being remodeled. But really, it probably should have been demolished.  Nai says that, at night, bright lights would appear in corners of various rooms in the house, and he’d hear foot steps across floorboards, despite the fact that the house was carpeted. Being only six years old, Nai was terrified about what went on in his home. He remembers being awakened at night by a little ghost girl who would dance on the chest of drawers.

Whenever he’d tell his mother, she’d say he’d been dreaming. But it wasn’t just baby Nai who was seeing things. The workmen doing construction on the house said they felt as though they were being watched. And tools kept moving around in the house. What’s more is a friend of Nai’s eldest sister spent the night and woke up screaming. The little ghost girl had visited her, pulling her out of the bed. This friend vowed to never return to their house. They discovered that a young girl had passed away of asthma in the house, so perhaps this was their midnight visitor. After this incident, Nai’s mom thought they should probably seek advice about this. One man suggested Nai’s family should behave as though the entities were welcome and part of the family. Nai writes: “When we got home we’d shout ‘hi we’re home ... Over time the house settled and we didn’t get anymore trouble.” Perhaps good advice for some others on this list.

2. Paranormal Activity
Whether you’re searching out haunted houses in your spare time, or your house, itself, is haunted, this entry is for you. Redditor halfsleeve is of the latter category. Over the course of 3.5 years in his home, he’s crossed paths with the paranormal on more than one occasion. Being a skeptic, he doesn’t want to ascribe the encounters to paranormal activity, but he admits they’re unexplainable. Some examples of this activity? On one occasion, out of the corner of his eye, he saw his daughter pass by, while he was working on his motorcycle.

But after calling out her name to no avail, he later discovered she hadn’t been home all day. On another occasion, the blankets were torn off him in the middle of the night. One of the most terrifying instances in the haunted house happened when halfsleeve’s 15-year-old son raced to tell his father that he’d heard his brother calling out his name…only to realize his brother wasn’t home. That same night, the blinds were banging, there were footsteps, pounding on the doors, handles turning. halfsleeve and his two children all heard the sounds, which always seemed to come in threes. Then, for around 18 months, for whatever reason, the haunting ceased.

That is, until 19/10/18. At 10 o’clock at night, the ring doorbell chime activated, as if it had picked up movement. However, there was no one at the door, nor had the sensor light gone on. It wasn’t a windy night, so it couldn’t have been activated by such motion. Even worse, the night before halfsleeve posted on reddit, his daughter was watching Netflix in her locked room, when something opened her door and footsteps walked down the hall. Later, halfsleeve’s partner came by, when a shadow appeared at the front door and a moment later, a flash of light appeared in halfsleeve’s room. Halfsleeve writes: "I checked the recording on the ring app and noticed something strange” The image is of a misty figure left of the camera that looks both like a skull and a woman, becoming clearer as it moves. A man’s face comes into view, as well as a sword or a cane. The figures vanish when the flash of light bolts from inside the house. Don’t know if this helps, but my advice is to move as quick as possible.



1. Sounds in the Attic
A 17th century house probably has a ton of character. Doctor_Philly’s maybe had too much. One more thing: three multiple life takings occurred in the home. With such history, you’d expect some strange stuff. And you’d certainly get it. Shadows, strange noises, sleepwalking, creaking doors that opened and closed on their own. Philly ascribed all this to a child’s imagination. But one incident, Philly couldn’t explain away. While his parents were away on business, he and his siblings were staying at their friends’ houses for the time. But Philly forgot his hockey gear at home, so he and his friend went to get it.

When they were in the house, they heard footsteps in the attic. Thinking one of his siblings was home, he shouted upstairs and the footsteps stopped. But then they started coming down the old creaky stairs. Slowly. Although Philly felt a weight there, he saw nothing. But his friend has a nervous breakdown once they got outside, because he claimed to have seen some scary form that looked alien to him. “I credit it all to the creepiness of the house;” Philly writes, “but that one night with my friend still gives me the chills.” You’re not alone, Philly.

source Top15s youtube channel

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LAVENDER

ALTERNATE NAMES (VARIOUS SPECIES) French lavender, English lavender, Italian lavender, Spike lavender, True lavender, Fernleaf lavender, Silver sweet lavender
BOTANICAL NAMES OF CULINARY SPECIES
Lavandula officinalis. Numerous subspecies, notably French
(L. dentate), English
(L. angustifolia)
PLANT FAMILY Mint
(Lamiaceae)
COUNTRY/REGION OF BOTANICAL ORIGIN Europe
MAJOR COUNTRIES/REGIONS OF CULTIVATION France, North America
SEASON OF HARVEST Summer to early fall
PARTS USED Flowers
COLORS Various shades of purple

Lavender flowers are one of the most polarizing flavors I’ve found in the spice world. Either you love them or hate them—and there may be some human physiology at play that determines into which camp you fall. There is ample research to show that some people’s palates interpret lavender as an unpleasant “soapy” flavor, rather than the mildly savory floral character most taste. This can be off-putting at best when you expect your dinner guests to get a savory enhancement from your herbes de Provence but get a mouthful of sudsy flavor instead. This receptor is present in only about ten percent of the population, so try an experiment to see how you perceive
the flavor. A quick batch of lemonade infused with lavender, sweetened mildly, is a perfect way to test yourself on a hot summer’s day.

As for the general uses of lavender, you’ll see it as an integral part of the cuisine of southern France, the leading area of production, as well as in several burgeoning western U.S. styles of cooking. The newest area of significant quality production is in the upper northwest corner of Washington State, which yields plants with an interesting flavor character from the influence of the shorter growing seasons seen west of the Cascade Mountains. Lavender from French sources tends to be bolder and more savory, whereas our “home-grown” has extra sweetness on top of the traditional floral character.
With an abundance of subspecies available to the home gardener, you’ll find even greater flavor swings if you grow and harvest your own lavender. The climate and soil conditions, as with most flowers, affect the final flavor significantly. Harvest—or buy from local growers—early in the season for sweetness, later in the year for the deepest, driest tastes that lavender can offer.
Lavender can be rubbed directly on meats, with a light hand, but since its potency is significant, I’d suggest incorporating it more evenly into blends by grinding. However, there’s no harm in consuming the tiny purple flowers directly, other than their ability to overwhelm more subtle flavors on the palate when you bite into a whole bud.

Layering lavender flowers in plain sugar will infuse the taste in a few short weeks, for use in cookies and pastries. This perfumed sugar will flavor black tea at teatime and enhance creamy scones in the same service. A simple syrup infused with lavender can be kept on hand for making cocktails a bit later in the evening and, indeed, locals in Provence have long made infused liqueurs from their local crops. Bent into the cocktail culture of America, lavender makes a fabulous dry martini with a floral perfume unmatched elsewhere in the bar; just add several sprigs to the gin or vodka bottle and allow to steep for a few days, then strain.

I add lavender in concert with juniper to rubs for lamb and pork, as it tends to cut through fattier flavors nicely. Sautéed with the ground beef and onions to add lift to otherwise heavy meat pies, it shows its floral character well, especially when cooked with a dry red wine, which seems to bring out the best of the very classical flavor. From spiced pâté to flavored chocolate truffles, you can hardly get more French than lavender.

Lavender Shortbread
These fragrant, crumbly shortbread cookies are deceptively simple to make—the trick is getting lavender flavor into the recipe without it becoming overpowering. Making the lavender butter ahead will mellow the taste perfectly—and if you happen to make extra, your morning scones and biscuits will benefit from the effort as much as the shortbread you have for afternoon tea.
MAKES ABOUT 48 COOKIES

¼ cup honey
2 tablespoons (unsprayed) dried lavender
flowers, crushed, plus 1 teaspoon
uncrushed flowers
1 pound unsalted butter, slightly softened
(do not substitute margarine)
½ teaspoon fine sea salt
¾ cup granulated sugar
1 teaspoon pure vanilla extract
4 cups all-purpose flour

Combine the honey and crushed lavender in the top of a double boiler and heat over low heat for 15 minutes. Strain the honey, and discard the lavender.

Combine the butter, salt, and whole lavender flowers in a large bowl, add the honey, and beat until completely blended. Cover and refrigerate for at least 1 hour, or preferably overnight.

Bring the lavender butter to room temperature, Add the sugar and beat with an electric mixer on medium speed until light and fluffy. Beat in the vanilla. Slowly add the flour, beating just until blended. Turn the dough out onto a floured surface and shape it into a 12-inch-long log. Wrap in plastic wrap and refrigerate for at least 2 hours, or until firm enough to slice. (The dough can be refrigerated for up to 2 days.)

Preheat the oven to 350°F. Grease two cookie sheets. Slice the dough into ¼-inch rounds and place 1 inch apart on the cookie sheets.

Bake for 10 to 12 minutes, or just until the shortbread is golden brown at the edges. Let cool on the cookie sheets for 1 to 2 minutes, then, with a wide spatula, carefully remove to a rack to cool.
NOTE: The dough can also be rolled out and cut into shapes. Mix the dough, cover, and refrigerate until chilled. Roll out ½ inch thick on a floured surface and cut into desired shapes. Place 1 inch apart on greased baking sheets and bake for 12 to 15 minutes, or until golden brown at the edges.

Sticky Glazed Ham

Serves up to 20, depending on weight
1 cooked ham (you can cook your own or buy a cooked, undressed ham from the butcher)
cloves (optional)
Glaze 1
300g/10½oz/1¾ cups marmalade
3–4 tablespoons dry mustard powder
Glaze 2
175g/6oz/¾ cup soft brown sugar
2 tablespoons sherry or orange juice
2 tablespoons plain (all-purpose) flour
Glaze 3
400g/14oz/1¾ cups redcurrant jelly
finely grated zest of 1 orange and 1 lemon
2 tablespoons port

Few things speak more eloquently of plenty than a glazed ham. Proudly sitting
atop their stands, cooked whole, bone-in hams have made a reappearance at
delicatessen and supermarket counters recently. Hand-carved, they are a real
link to our past, when every pantry would hold a selection of such delicacies as
game pie, pressed tongue and ham.
Cooking ham is quite simple: simmer it, covered with water, in your largest
pot until tender. That will take about 20 minutes per 500g/18oz. Lift it from the
water, allow to cool, then skin it. For an unglazed ham, you dress the fat with
golden breadcrumbs.
For a glazed ham you can become even more fancy. I like a mixture of
mustard and marmalade: the mustard starch combines with the marmalade to
form a crust which has a glossy finish. Honey works well, too, and you can stud
the ham with cloves should you so desire. I hate cloves with a passion so I leave
this bit out.
Once the ham has cooled, remove the skin, leaving as much fat on the ham as
possible. This layer of fat protects the meat and, whilst you might not wish to eat
it, remember that it is the fat that is most prized by aficionados of jamón ibérico.
Using a sharp knife, score through the fat making a diamond pattern all over
the ham. If you’re using cloves, now is the time to stick one clove into each
diamond shape.
Preheat the oven to 170°C/340°F/Gas Mark 3. Mix your chosen glaze
ingredients together to form a stiffish paste.
Place the ham in a roasting dish and spoon over the glaze. Bake in the
preheated oven for 10 minutes per 500g/18oz, basting as often as you can.
Cool, transfer to a clean dish and store in a cold pantry for up to two weeks.

Turkish Strained Yoghurt with Sesame Seeds, with Honey or Dried Chilli & Herbs

Makes approx. 200g/7oz
600ml (1 pint) full-fat (whole) milk natural yoghurt, bought or home-made
½ teaspoon fine sea salt
4 tablespoons olive oil
2 tablespoons sesame seeds
Sweet cheese
4 tablespoons clear honey
Savoury cheese
½ teaspoon coarsely ground black pepper
1 teaspoon dried chilli flakes
1 teaspoon dried mint

Once you have made your own home-made yoghurt, you can take the dish a stage further by straining it to give a softish cheese, known in the Middle East as labneh. This can be flavoured in a number of ways.

Line a colander or sieve with scalded muslin or cheesecloth, and set over a bowl. Beat the yoghurt and salt together and spoon the mixture into the mould. Cover with a cloth and allow to drain for 24 hours.

Meanwhile heat the oil and, when hot, add the sesame seeds. Cook until pale gold (they will continue to cook as they cool), and quickly remove from the heat. Leave in the oil.

If making the sweet cheese, simply allow the seeded oil to cool. If making a savoury cheese, add the black pepper, chilli flakes and mint to the seeded oil, stir and allow the oil to cool.

To serve the labneh, remove it from the sieve or colander, take off the cheesecloth, and place it on a dish. Pour over the seeded oil and, for the sweet version, spoon on the honey.

Serve the savoury cheese with flat bread, and the sweet one spooned into dessert dishes accompanied by sponge fingers or shortbread.

Spicy Paneer Cheese

Makes approx. 400g/14oz
1.5 litres/2¾ pints/6 cups full-fat (whole) milk
2–3 tablespoons Greek-style yoghurt, or 100ml/3½fl oz/½ cup buttermilk
or 2–3 tablespoons lemon juice
Seasonings (choose some or all of those below)
about 1 garlic clove, peeled and crushed
2.5cm/1in fresh ginger root, peeled and grated
½ teaspoon ground cumin
½ teaspoon fine sea salt
½ teaspoon freshly ground black pepper dried thyme, oregano or mint

This is a very easy cheese to make at home, and each time I try it, I vary the flavours. I first ate paneer at a vegetarian restaurant serving a mixture of foods from the north of India. The paneer takes the place of meat in a vegetarian diet, but I have also eaten it mixed with fish and shellfish in a spicy sauce, and it not only adds flavour and texture, it extends a more costly protein. Although delicious used in stir-fries and curries, paneer can also be crumbled on to pizzas and used in sandwiches.

The main points when making paneer are that you use whole milk and that you drain the curd thoroughly. The milk is heated, then a souring agent is added to form curds. I have given several options below. If using yoghurt or buttermilk, it may be necessary to heat the milk a little longer once they have been added, whereas the lemon juice works at once. A light vinegar, such as rice wine vinegar, can be used in place of lemon juice. Fresh herbs can be used, but I find I get a better result with dried.

Draining the paneer at first over a sieve then under a heavy weight is a very important stage, so do take time to do this. Only when all the whey has been pressed out will the cheese be firm enough to slice. Have ready a sieve or colander lined with a double layer of scalded muslin or cheesecloth. Place it over a bowl.

Heat the milk in a large saucepan. Once the milk is boiling add the yoghurt, buttermilk or lemon juice and stir. Add your seasonings. As soon as the mixture separates, forming curds and whey, remove the pan from the heat and pour the mixture into the prepared sieve. Allow as much whey to drain away as possible then gather up the corners of the muslin and make them into a sort of parcel.

Place this on a rack over a bowl or dish and then place a board on top, finished with a heavy weight. Place in a cool larder or fridge and leave for at least 1 hour. Once the cheese is dry, cut into cubes and store these in a jar or bowl of lightly salted water in a cold larder or the fridge for up to four days.

Potted Blue Cheese

Makes 450g/1lb
225g/8oz/1¾ cups blue cheese, crumbled
115g/4oz/1 cup Cheddar cheese, finely grated
115g/4oz/1 cup curd cheese
1 teaspoon mild mustard

Potting cheese makes good use of any unsightly odds and ends that you might have left in the larder. I use the remains of the Stilton after Christmas, but any blue cheese will work well. Potted cheese is good as an appetizer served with crackers, or used as a stuffing for grilled or baked pears served with a leaf salad. Try also spooning the cheese into jacket potatoes or on top of a steak, hot off the
grill.

As you are, by definition, using a mouldy cheese, be aware that this potted cheese keeps for only about one week.

Place all the ingredients in the goblet of a blender or food processor and mix until smooth. If you like a rougher texture, pound it in a mortar.

Either divide the mixture between four to six small ramekins, or press into one larger ramekin. Cover, and leave for about 24 hours before eating to allow the flavours to develop.

Wanting to make this one day, but with no blue cheese, I increased the amount of cheddar and added a teaspoon of crushed celery seeds – it was delicious.

Marinated Feta

Serves 4–6
200g/7oz feta cheese
finely grated zest of ½ lemon
2 garlic cloves, peeled and crushed
1 dried red chilli, crushed
coarsely ground black pepper
1 tablespoon dried mint, crumbled
100–200ml/3½–7fl oz/¼–½ cup extra virgin olive oil

Feta is a wonderfully versatile cheese, taking as it does to being served plain in a salad or as in this recipe, where it is marinated and left to absorb the flavours before use. Feta is traditionally used in Greek salads where it is mixed with cucumber and tomatoes, but it is also excellent crumbled into couscous, quinoa and rice salads, and sprinkled over baked squash or ratatouille. The amount of oil needed will depend on the jar you use and how tightly you pack the cheese.

Cut the feta into 1cm/½in cubes and place in a suitably sized sterilized jar. Mix the dry marinade ingredients together and add them to the cheese. Now pour in enough oil to cover. Screw on the lid and invert the jar gently a couple of times. Place in a cold larder or a fridge for a week before using. This cheese keeps for up to a month.

Fresh Cheese with Garlic & Herbs

Makes approx. 500g/18oz
500ml/18fl oz/2¼ cups full-fat (whole) milk cottage cheese
500ml/18fl oz/2¼ cups full-fat (whole) milk yoghurt
500ml/18fl oz/2¼ cups double (heavy) cream
2 garlic cloves, peeled and crushed
2–3 tablespoons chopped fresh herbs sea salt and freshly ground black pepper

Whilst it’s not really feasible to make a hard cheese at home, this soft fresh cheese is simple to make and delicious to eat.

Don’t use skimmed milk products to make it lower in fat, as this will give a thinner, flavourless finish. Choose whatever herbs you like. Sometimes I use just one variety, basil or tarragon say, and at other times a mixture of flat-leaf parsley, coriander (cilantro) and even some tender thyme leaves.

Combine the cottage cheese, yoghurt and cream in a food processor. Purée until completely smooth. Add the garlic and chopped herbs, and season to taste.

Line a colander or sieve with a double layer of scalded cheesecloth or muslin, and set this over a bowl. Scoop the mixture into the sieve, and cover loosely with a cloth. Set aside to drain at room temperature until the cheese becomes dry and firm (about 12 hours). It is ready when no more liquid drips from it.

Tip the cheese into a pot or place in a clean dish. Cover and refrigerate until ready to use.

The cheese will mature in flavour if left for 24 hours before serving, and is best then, but it can be kept in the fridge for up to a week.

Chilli- & Herb-spiked Garlic Butter

Makes approx 300g/10½oz
1 fresh red chilli
225g/8oz/2 sticks lightly salted butter
a handful of fresh coriander (cilantro), chervil, tarragon or parsley leaves
freshly ground black pepper
finely grated zest of 1 lime
2 plump garlic cloves, peeled

This butter is wonderfully versatile. Spread it on bread, let it melt over grilled
meat and fish, or toss it into new potatoes or lightly cooked summer vegetables.
It can be rolled in clingfilm (plastic wrap) and frozen, when it keeps well.
Removing the pith and seeds of the chilli will lessen the heat.
Place all the ingredients in a food processor and whiz until everything is finely
chopped and well blended. The butter can be served as is in a dish, or prepared as
below.

Spread out on your work surface a double layer of clingfilm about 30cm/12in
square. Scrape the butter on to the clingfilm then roll up to form a sausage. Tie off
one end and then squeeze the butter up to give a roll about 15cm/6in long. Chill
before cutting into slices. The butter also freezes well, double-wrapped in clingfilm
and then stored in a plastic bag, or simply pressed into a lidded plastic freezer
container of the right size.

Keep for two weeks in the fridge, or up to three months in the freezer. Other flavoured butters:

Almost any seasoning you enjoy can be incorporated into seasoned butters. Here
are some of my other favourites:
Orange, fennel and chive works well with pork
Lemon, caper and black pepper for fish
Smoked paprika, garlic and parsley for chicken
Juniper, orange and mace for venison or other game steaks
Make as above and store, well-wrapped in clingfilm, in the freezer. Keep for 3 months.

APPLE ‘ANNA’

Malus domestica
Apples are among the most diverse and widely adapted plants on the planet. Just to prove this point, consider ‘Anna’. It’s a low-chill variety, bred on a Kibbutz in Israel and capable of producing fruit as far north as Cairns. A ridiculously heavy bearer of big, oblong fruit, it flowers in August and is ripe for the picking in December, making it one of the earliest apples to crop. To make the most of its epic yields, make sure your ‘Anna’ tree is protected against fruit fly and plant another low-chill variety as a pollinating partner. ‘Dorsett Golden’ (from the Bahamas) is ideal.

BLACK SAPOTE

Diospyros nigra
Those of you with a penchant for botanical names will note that the black sapote is a relative of the persimmon, Diospyros kaki. Those of you who don’t care about Latin names might care that the black sapote also goes by the name ‘chocolate pudding fruit’. That’s right, cut one of these beauties in half and you have a ready-made, chocolate-flavoured dessert! The tree itself slowly reaches about 5-6m tall and is evergreen, proving a lovely canopy of shade. Hailing from Central America, black sapotes will handle light frosts, but be careful not to let them dry out. They love regular moisture; a dripper hose laid under the tree is a great idea during dry spells. For top-quality fruit, choose a seedless cultivar such as ‘Superb’.

Sour Cherry ‘morello’

Prunus cerasus
Think you can’t grow cherries? Think again. Sour cherries such as ‘Morello’ are much easier to grow than sweet cherries, thanks to their relatively compact size, earlybearing tendencies and ability to self-pollinate. They’re also more flexible in terms of climate, handling slightly lower chilling hours than sweet cherries, and are a bit more adaptable to drought. If you enjoy tart flavours you’ll be chomping the fruit straight off the tree, but for the most part, sour cherries are wonderful to use in the kitchen. I love them in sweet pastries, but you can also throw them into savoury dishes and they make an absolutely lip-smacking jam. The fruit ripens in early summer, just in time for Christmas.

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WINTER WARMERS

Penny Woodward shares some of her favourite herbs to sow now so they’re ready to add to your warming winter dishes.

Looking for some interesting flavours to add to your warming winter soups and stews? Autumn is the
perfect time to get these herbs into the ground so that you can pick to your heart’s content when winter cold sets in. Most are traditional northern European herbs, so they cope well with cold weather and frosts. While some are tall, adding structure and drama to the garden, others are more diminutive and can be tucked into odd corners or pots for ease of harvest. Between them they have a delightful range of flavours and uses, adding interest to your garden and new variety to winter fare.

Alexanders (Smyrnium olusatrum)
Alexanders, possibly named after Alexander the Great, is an old-fashioned pot herb, which simply means it was used to add greenery as well as flavour to the cooking pot. Originally from the Mediterranean region and spread by Roman warriors to various parts of the world, Alexanders is a relatively common sight growing wild in the ruins of medieval monasteries in England and Europe. This biennial herb grows up to 1.5m tall and has large leaves, and in the second year bulbous yellow-green umbrella-shaped flower heads grow, and are followed by aromatic black seed. Grow from seed sown in autumn, or plant seedlings also in autumn into well-drained, composty, sandy-loam soil in a sunny or semi-shaded position. Plants die back in the first summer and reshoot again in autumn; being biennial they will usually die after flowering in the second year, but self-sow readily. Blanched leaves, stems and shoots have a flavour similar to celery and parsley combined. Boil stems as a vegetable, or chop and add leaves and young shoots to soups and stews. Leaves are also delicious raw in winter salads. Pour boiling water over chopped leaves and stems and drink as a tea, to relieve flatulence and colic.

Caraway (Carum carvi)
Caraway has been an important spice in Arab cultures for centuries, and made its way to Europe in the 13th century. It was one of the seeds used to make ‘comfits’, edible balls of sugared seeds eaten in Medieval England. It’s a biennial with carrot-like foliage growing to 60cm. If seeds are planted in autumn, the small white flowers will appear the following summer. Flowers are followed by fruit (seed), which is crescent-shaped, brown and ridged. If seed are planted in spring then the flowers and seed will not appear until the second summer.

Seedlings hate being transplanted, so plant seed where they are to grow. Caraway thrives in most soils and does well in sun or semi-shade, but dislikes being too wet in winter so make sure drainage is good. Plants usually die after they have flowered and set seed, so if you want regular supplies of leaves, then plant some in autumn, and more in spring. The thick tapering roots make an unusual but delicious vegetable; leaves are picked for their distinct flavour and added to soups and salads. While seeds are traditionally sprinkled over steamed vegetables, they can also be stirred into cheeses, breads, biscuits, cakes and some stewed fruits. To harvest seeds, cut seed heads with stems attached before they are fully ripe and dry upside down in paper bags.

Dill (Anethum graveolens)
This tall annual herb was beloved by early Egyptians, Copts, Romans and people of the Indian continent. It has feathery blue-green leaves and is topped by a cluster of umbrellashaped flower heads with small yellow flowers. These are followed by oval-brown seeds that self-sow readily if left on the plant. Sow dill seed where it is to grow, in autumn or spring. In cooler weather, plants grow more slowly so successive plantings may not be needed to maintain a supply of fresh leaves. Dill does best in a sunny, open position with welldrained but compost-rich soil. Although if planting in spring, look for a position with afternoon shade. Flowers attract bees and other beneficial insects.

Both leaves and seed are widely used in cooking. Seeds aid digestion by easing stomach aches that are caused by wind, and dill water is often given to children to relieve colic. Use fresh leaves for their distinct, pleasant flavour in salads, especially potato salad, and sprinkle over any dish that contains lamb. The flavour of seeds and leaves also combine well with stronger-flavoured fish. Immature flowerheads are essential to dill pickles and vinegar mixes. Dill flowers and pollen are also sought-after ingredients in a diverse range of dishes.

Horseradish (Armoracia rusticana)
This perennial, originally growing wild in Russia and Finland, has large wavy green leaves and a spreading, clumping tuberous rootstock. A nice cultivar ‘Variegata’ has leaves splashed with creamy yellow. Grow new plants by dividing roots and replanting into any reasonable soil that has been enriched with compost and manure. Protect from snails and slugs when young. Dig and replant healthy roots in autumn, every year or two Add finely chopped young leaves to salads, and sprinkle over soups just before serving, but don’t take too many or you’ll reduce the size of roots for harvesting. Horseradish is mainly grown for its pungent roots, which are grated and made into horseradish sauce, served with fish and meat. If you plant horseradish this autumn, you’ll be able to harvest your first roots 12 months later to make and eat horseradish sauce through the winter.

Landcress (Barbarea vulgaris)
This tasty herb is also called winter cress and is one of my favourite edible herbs. A hardy biennial that grows as a rosette of dark green leaves with stalks topped by a profusion of yellow flowers, it can be grown from seed sown in autumn or spring. Landcress does best in humus-rich soils in a semi-shaded position and it will go to seed if allowed to dry out. Fortunately it self-sows everywhere. Leaves are deliciously hot and spicy, and can become bitter, but still delicious, once the plant flowers. Leaves are rich in minerals and vitamins, especially vitamin C, and this is a very useful salad plant, as well as being good for sprinkling over soups or stews before serving, and adding to sandwiches. Flowers are also edible, just use them in the same way as the leaves.

Lovage (Levisticum officinale)
Lovage is a tall herbaceous perennial with round hollow stalks and yellow-green winged leaves. The whole plant looks a bit like giant celery. Greenish-yellow flowers are followed by brown oblong fruit (seeds) in late summer or autumn. Sow seed or divide roots in autumn or spring. Lovage likes a humus-rich, sandy-loam soil that retains some moisture. It does best in a semi-shaded position and in very cold regions it may disappear for a while in winter. But I find this doesn’t happen in my mild temperate garden and plants grow into a large clump.

Lovage has a long history of medicinal and culinary use, originating in Italy and surrounding countries where it was used in love potions. All parts of the plant are eaten although it is not as commonly used today. Lovage’s unique flavour (it has been suggested it’s a cross between celery and yeast extract) enhances many dishes, particularly casseroles, soups and sauces. Grate the roots into salads, and add seeds to breads, soft cheeses and rice.

Winter savory (Satureja montana)
Winter savory grows as a small woody shrub with tiny dark green leaves and white or pink flowers. There is also a prostrate variety that has coarser leaves, larger white flowers and is much lower growing. Grow new plants from seed or cuttings in autumn or spring, or detach a rooted piece and replant. Trim back after flowering. This heat-loving plant is related to thyme and rosemary, and likes a well-drained sandy loam soil and an open, sunny position. It makes a great low border or hedge plant and is a beneficial bug magnet when in flower. Leaves have a spicy flavour that pairs beautifully with beans, peas and other vegetables, and also adds flavour to salads, soups and stews. Medicinally, it’s warming and soothing.

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