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10 Newly Discovered Species of Wildlife

From crop dusting fish to cart wheeling spiders, we count down top 10 newly discovered species of wildlife.



10. The Weirdest Breakfast
When you think of the dinosaurs, what kind of creatures do you see? Large, prehistoric beast-lizards capable of tearing apart their enemies? Herbivores devouring entire forests? Carnivorous teeth aligned in droves? Well, how about chickens? Scientists recently discovered a unique bird-dinosaur hybrid, now called, Anzu Wyliei, that resembled an enormous Jurassic chicken. The Anzus apparently sat on eggs until they hatched, screamed through short, beak-like snouts, and donned a coat of feathers. This still doesn’t solve the chicken/egg paradox, but we’re one step closer.

9. Coral On Land
Some species hit their swan song and their final act at the same time. Balanophora Coralliformis, although recently discovered, is already marked as endangered. This coral-like plant grows exclusively high up in the mountains of the Philippines, which is pretty cool considering how identical it is to coral. The reason why it’s endangered is because it’s a parasite, and is thus unable to conduct photosynthesis. Instead, it must take nutrients from other organisms. That’s like expecting an all you can eat buffet in the middle of the Serengeti—the only thing in danger is you.

8. Dancing Queen
We’ve heard of dramatic—but here’s a spider you might actually enjoy watching. Meant for the stage, this critter, known as the Cebrennus Rechenbergi, cartwheels itself out of danger—as its moving body threatens and intimidates predators. When predators are not threatened, this spider cartwheels directly towards the predator in order to scare it away. We’re inclined to ask what happens if that doesn’t work. Maybe it can back-flip away. Is this acrobatic spider still terrifying? Let us know in the comments.

7. Half Thousand-Year-Old Plant, Half Super Deadly Killing Machine
Somehow threading the needle of two things tourists are warned not to touch by all means necessary, the Dendrogramma Enigmatica and D. Discoids are a mix of underwater coral and jellyfish. They also share genes with sea anemones, and their physical shape share a striking resemblance to ancient fossils—although these living organisms are quite squishy. That’s something we’d be able to elaborate on more if we actually touched them, but no amount of money is going to make us take that chance.

6. Bone-House Wasp
Anything with a name as terrifying as that is worth going over with excruciating detail so that if you ever see one in real life, you’ll know to run. The Deuteragenia Ossarium, also known as the Bone-House Wasp, is as scared of you as your are scared of it—with the wasp taking extreme measures to protect its babies. Like any caring parent, the wasp will pack over a dozen dead ants on top of its nest—letting the dead ants ooze out a grizzly chemical that wards off predators . Hailing from China, these wasps are very dangerous.



5. Breaking The Rules
The world currently has 6,456 species of frogs—but only one of those species is not like the others, and refuses to lay fertilized eggs. This new frog species, known as the Limnonectes Larvaepartus, gives birth immediately to tadpoles, grossly leaping over some very important frog development stages. What’s worse is that this species lives with five other frog species of the same genus in Indonesia. For all we know, this trend will start to spread and frog populations will boom out of control. That, or this is just a natural form of evolution and natural selection.

4. Walk Softly And Carry A Big Stick
There’s two places where you can find this menace—in the Royal Belgian Institute in Brussels, or Tam Dao, Vietnam. The Phryganistria Tamdaeoensis is part of the ‘Giant Sticks’ family because it hops around on long, long legs—measuring at nine whole inches. The record holder of the ‘Giant Sticks’ family reigns in at 22-inches, and with that, the option of seeing this species in a museum setting in Brussels is sounding far more appealing than falling asleep at night in Vietnam and waking up with one on your arm.

3. Ziggy Stardust Of The Deep Blue Sea
We’re going to try and pronounce this, even after all the others—Phyllodesmium Acanthorhinum. A type of deep sea slug, this species lives off the coast of Japan and flirts around the depths with a ‘Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat’ status body. Seriously, whoever gave the name, ‘Rainbow’ away to the ‘Rainbow Fish’ was both uncreative and lazy—they should have held out for this vibrant specimen. Fun fact—this slug is doing work for scientists who have long tried to figure out the difference between slugs that eat coral and those that eat hydroids. To really put them to the test, maybe they should try to eat some of those deep sea coral/jellyfish.

2. Showboat Bouquets
The Christmastime Bromeliad, or Tillandsia Religiosa, ranks up there with the Philippine mountain coral—literally. Found only at altitudes of 6,000 feet and higher, this bright red plant is quite the spectacle, and it knows it. Christmas displays in Mexico have long welcomed this plant—though the actual classification of this plant species is finally catching on. Its strong tie to the holidays, both in name and in color, is tested only by the fact that it looks incredibly dangerous. It can also be used as a plus-size mistletoe.

1. M. Night Shyamalan’s Underwater Twist
Originally thought to be the drawings of shipwreck ghosts, it is now known that the Torquigener Albomaculosus has been the artist behind deep sea crop circles. Measuring at about six feet, these crop circles are actually spawning nests made by males to attract females—which is nice. It’s good to see a species that still values chivalry. The waves in the crop circles fend off prey from getting to fertilized eggs, although this fish can probably take a note from the Bone-House Wasp if it’s ever going to get serious about baby control. Hey guys fresh here and thanks for watching my video on top 10 newly discovered species of wildlife. If you have your own top 10 idea, leave it in the comment section below and your idea could be featured in a future video! And as always, don’t forget to like or subscribe if you already haven’t!

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Can You Be Allergic to Smell?



Even in the case of severe allergies, the aroma of the offending substance can’t by itself trigger an allergic reaction. The proteins that are responsible for it are not transferred with the smell. For example, nut allergy sufferers could smell peanut butter without worrying about experiencing breathing difficulties. It’s only when certain substances are cooked that large amounts of protein molecules from the food are released into the air. Inhaling large amounts of these fumes could trigger an allergic reaction.

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Is There a Machine That Produces Lightning?



In the past it was hard to predict where lightning would strike. That makes it difficult to research, not helped by the fact that lightning produced in a lab has completely different characteristics. But now a team led by Martin Uman at the International Center for Lightning Research in Florida has developed a simple device that can capture lightning. They wait for a storm and then send up a rocket on a piece of string. The basic condition needed for a natural bolt of lightning is a charge separation.

To catch lightning then, the scientists attach a 700-metre spool of copper wire to the 1.8-metre-tall hobby rocket. The spool is grounded to a strike rod. As the rocket launches into the storm, the wire unspools and a positive electrical discharge shoots upwards. In response a negative charge follows the same path back down to the ground and into the strike rod at the end of the wire. A current then runs back upward, creating the flash known as lightning. Triggered lightning reproduces almost the exact behaviour and effects as the real thing. The whole procedure is recorded by a high-speed camera that delivers a million images per second.

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Why is Dubai Importing Sand Into the Desert?



Dubai lies directly within the Arabian Desert – but despite its location the Arabic mega-city is importing millions of tons of sand from Australia. The city requires the material for the construction of new skyscrapers, because the local desert sand can’t be used as a building material – it is too fine for concrete and its rounded edges mean the grains do not grip together. The desert sand can’t be used for the manufacturing of large glass windows or the banking of islands either. Like Dubai, other large cities like Singapore also regularly purchase building sand for this purpose. It’s a booming business for Australia as the country earns up to $5 billion a year through the sales of sand. But all this comes at a price, as many ecosystems measuring thousands of square kilometres are being destroyed.

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Does Noise Affect Your Weight?



According to researchers from Sweden’s Karolinska University eating in silence preserves our figures. The study followed 5,000 people and found that participants subjected to street noise every day during meals had wider hips than those that ate in silence. Every additional 10 decibels equated to a one centimetre increase in waist size. The risk of being overweight doubled for those living under a flight path or beside train tracks because the noise triggers stress and forces the body to store additional fat reserves.

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What is the Strongest Material in the World?



Researchers from the UK’s University of Portsmouth found that the teeth of a type of limpet [left], measuring just one millimetre across, are made from the strongest biological material in the world. The tensile strength of the teeth equates to a whopping 4.9 gigapascal (GPa). In comparison, a human tooth only achieves a maximum value of 0.5 GPa. The strength of the tiny limpet teeth [macro view, above] is comparable to the fibres used to make bulletproof vests.

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What Are Tree Bombers?



As storage vessels for carbon dioxide, trees are vital to protecting the climate. But every year around the world thousands of square kilometres of forest are lost through fires and deforestation. A UK-based team now wants to use technology to plant more than a billion new trees – from the air. Using a remotecontrolled quadcopter, tree saplings, safe inside green containers, will be dropped over barren areas like bombs. The biodegradable packaging drills into the ground and, over time, is decomposed by rain. The seeds can germinate and grow roots, becoming one of a billion new trees helping to slow deforestation.

UPDATE NEW TOPIC

How Far Can a Cat Fall Without Being Injured?



The highest fall survived by a cat, which escaped with just a chipped tooth, was from the 32nd floor of a high-rise – more than 100 metres up. If a cat falls from a height upsidedown, it can turn itself around as it falls within just a few metres. To do so, the moggy uses an ingenious trick: as soon as it falls, it stretches its back legs out as far as possible and draws its front paws close to its body. Then it repeats the manoeuvre in reverse order: it stretches out its front paws and draws its hind legs inwards, rotating the rest of its body in the process. To ensure a safe landing the feline ends by hunching its spine and stretching out all four legs from itself. This technique lessens the impact like a shock absorber in a car’s suspension – and hitting the ground is a breeze. A cat acquires this positional reflex from an age of just 39 days.

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How Old is This Boy?



Hyomyung Shin looks like a perfectly healthy child. But what you can’t tell from looking at him is that he was born in 1989. He’s 26 years old, but hasn’t experienced puberty yet. The South Korean suffers from a rare genetic condition that’s been dubbed ‘Highlander Syndrome’. Only a few cases have ever been recorded. Those affected age extremely slowly – or not at all. Will Shin live far longer than the average human as a result? Nobody can say. The condition is completely new territory for doctors. But the answer to one of mankind’s oldest questions could be locked in Hyomyung Shin’s DNA. Could this put the brakes on ageing?

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How Do Desert Ants Prove Their Coolness?



Does hot weather make you lethargic? It doesn’t bother the Saharan silver ant: this hard worker keeps toiling away even in temperatures of 70 degrees Celsius and can flit across the hot desert sand without a care in the world. But how does it manage this without being fried to a crisp? Quite simply, its body hair functions like a cooling system. Covering their chitin exoskeleton is a dense coat of uniquely shaped hairs with triangular cross-sections that reflect light and emit heat. This means that their bodies can remain below the critical temperature of 53.6 degrees. Scientists hope to use nature’s handiwork to learn how to cool down technological devices quicker and more effectively.

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How Do Volcanoes Turn Blue?

At the eastern end of the island of Java, Indonesia, a group of stratovolcanoes, which form part of the Ijen volcano complex, rise 2,800 metres into the sky. Violent eruptions over the past millennia have left behind a sprawling cratered landscape measuring almost 80 kilometres across. Noxious gases spiral out of this forbidding landscape – but that’s not all. The volcano also spews out tons of 538°C sulphur from cracks in the rock to the surface. The sulphur reacts with the oxygen in the air and burns, causing a steaming, blue-lit river to tumble down the mountain.



The burning river of sulphur eventually empties directly into the 200-metre-deep crater lake of Kawah Ijen. This 900-metrelong, 600-metre-wide body of water is the largest highly acidic crater in the world. The pH value of the bubbling lake is 0.5 – roughly as acidic as car battery acid. In 1921, to protect the surrounding land from this poisonous concoction, Dutch engineers constructed a massive dam on the edge of the crater, which prevented the uncontrolled run-off of the swirling sulphuric soup. These days the dam is no longer operational; instead ceramic pipes collect the run-off of sulphur which is then mined by local workers when it has cooled down sufficiently.

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Top 10 Tips to Survive a Zombie Apocalypse

Here at the archive, we’ve been watching a lot of Zombie movies and shows and we’ve started preparing our offices for the Zombie Apocalypse. During our preparation, we put together a lot of handy tips that will keep you temporarily safe from the inevitable face-eating zombie apocalypse. Or maybe not, but it can’t hurt to be well-prepared for any scenario. Which is what brings us to today's topic, 10 tips to survive a zombie apocalypse!



10. Stay put
If a threat comes, and let’s face it that threat is dead, hungry, and inevitably approaching, one option is to stay put. People will start leaving the city in caravans and you’re not going to want to get stuck in that traffic, much less find out that where you’re all going is kind of a dud, or totally exhausted in resources. You’re getting a head start on the apocalypse! So stock up on rations, get some books, and find a good radio. The only kicker with this method is that you’ll have to, at some point, leave your house or fight whoever tries to get in, so definitely be prepared for that. Rations, books, radio, and a cell phone, but you'll run out of rations soon so you'll want to relocate at some point.

9. Find a wall
Lots of civilizations have done it. And, well, it didn't work for a lot of civilizations, either.. But you can try! Figure out your wall situation. Do you have one? Strengthen them. Do you need one? Build it. Or, alternatively, you can go out and find yourself a nice walled area, like say, a prison. They would have a really hard time getting over the walls and through locked steel doors. That is unless they learn to fly helicopters.. And I don't know about you, but I'd die a happy man of cuteness overload to see 2 zombies fly a helicopter all drunk like, spending 30 minutes going up and down trying to land but are too afraid to. That needs to be in a movie.. Someone in the movie biz needs to pay me to write this stuff. Ok ok, back to the list!

8. Grocery store strategy
Okay, this one is going to be tricky, but if you’re quick to the punch and can strategize, or even if you have a good team with you, you can pull it off. As soon as it starts to get real crazy, and following the law starts to get real optional, head to the grocery store. Lock yourself in, it’s BYOL, Bring Your Own Locks. Get in there, kick people out, use force if you have to, and lock all those doors. Cover the windows, and bunker down. You have all the resources you need for a while, just make sure you have something to entertain and also protect yourself with. Just because you fixed the ration situation for a bit, doesn’t mean everything else is suddenly solved. The power might go out, there’s probably nowhere to cook anything, so think ahead! You got this.

7. Fallout Shelters
If you’re living in the U.S or a country with a nuclear strategy, rest assured it has nuclear shelters. So, while we’re ahead, do the research about where they’re located. Find a few near you, with varying routes to them in case certain bridges fall or roads fail, keep them on a physical map, and know that all you have to do is pack up and get there. There’s no zombies getting into one of those. You probably won’t be alone so be prepared to socialize and contribute something to the group. You’ll likely be highly inspected upon entry.

6. Stay put...but on water
As far as we can imagine, in all of our zombie films and apocalyptic nightmares, zombies are not going to be big swimmers. So, if you find a good boat to stay on, fill it with your weapons, food, friends, if you want them, entertainment and sail on out. You probably don’t even have to go far. Just far enough where they can’t really jump to you. Water could be the answer no one else thinks of. Unless the zombies learn to use pedal boats, which, again, would be so cute.



5. Get groupies
Or, you know, friends. A team to back you up and you just have to be faster than your slowest friend. Doing it on your own may look cool at first, but soon enough you’ll find that having a  team can come in handy. You do not want to fight off an army of the dead with an army of one. No matter how much you try to Home Alone it, your gimmicks are going to run out and no one is going to have your back.

4. Hide in plain sight
This one is a bit of a stretch but it can’t hurt. Note: this is all on the assumption that zombies are really, really dumb. If they’re dead, they eat brains, and they’re slow, you can probably bank on this strategy. Get some makeup skills while you can, buy some materials, and when the time comes and you’re ready, join the group of the dead, act like them, moan like them, and definitely look as much like them as possible. They’ll move on to find what they’re looking for, just lag behind and moonwalk in the other direction and run when the time is right. Oh, and in case they’re able to smell you, try not to smell too fresh or edible. No fresh open wounds!

3. Supplies
Packing may seem like an easy task in the grand scheme of an apocalypse but rationing food and water, first aid and other things that seem vital are just the tip of the iceberg. When leaving home for good, not knowing what you might be facing. You can’t assume you’ll have access to any of the things you have on the daily. Soap, toilet paper, even just a sewing needle will feel like a lifesaver! So make sure you have a good list and a stash of extras. You don’t know what you’ll run out of first!

2. Gauge It
Preparation isn’t all about supplies, though. While you’re figuring everything out, you can’t forget that there will be an active threat. It won’t just be about lasting, it’ll be about surviving, and to survive you gotta fight. How? Well, with weapons of course! Gauge what weapons you have, what weapons you’ll need, and how good you are at using them. If you're comfortable around weapons, get yourself a couple of Ak47's for close combat, and RPG's to clear out large clusters of zombies. Practice safely, of course. Go to a range, take a class, but don’t keep weapons that you’re not prepared to use safely. If you have no skills with weapons, then you might need to think of a plan b.

1. Think outside the box
Quick question! Where would you get food to live on if you were stranded in the woods? Can you find water that isn't from a tap? Time to get creative. Study up on what plants, animals, insects, and tricks can get you through. It’s time to join the cub scouts and get all your badges. Knowing how to find clean water, pitch a tent, cook without electricity, build a fire without a lighter, and all of those other little skills are going to greatly increase your chances of survival.

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Top 10 Freaky Diseases You Really Don't Want to Get

Every time there’s a new disease out there making headlines, news outlets jump all over them, explaining how this is the one that is going to kill us all. It’s not the media’s fault though, we all live in constant fear of the next plague that we’re not going to be immune to and will vomit to our inevitable deaths. If you think about it, all it takes is the right circumstances for any disease to kill us all. Which is what brings us to today's topic - the Top 10 Freaky Diseases You Really Don’t Want To Get!



10. Chikungunya
This disease, spread by mosquitos, first spread in southern Tanzania in 1952. The virus belongs to the alphavirus genus of the Togavridiae family. Which, to everyone besides scientists, are just words that mean nothing at all. The name comes from a word in Kimakonde which means “to become contorted”, which says a lot about what the disease actually does. It’s transmitted by female mosquitos of the Aedes Aegypti and Aedes Albopictus variety, which transmits other diseases as well. They bite during the day, with peaks in the early morning and afternoon. People who suffer the disease show signs after about a week of being bitten. They’ll start with a headache, muscle pain, joint swelling, and rash, before severely disabling the sufferers. Sure, the risk of death is small, but if these mosquitos spread and start coming at all of us, it really could be over!

9. Cholera
Cholera was basically the plague of the modern era. It’s caused by the ingestion of food or  water that’s been contaminated with Vibrio Cholerae, a bacteria. To this day, it’s still a threat and shows up in areas that lack social development, which means it strikes the poorest areas of the world the hardest. It causes watery diarrhea, and severe dehydration that lasts between 12 hours and 5 days after you ingested the contaminated food or water. Within hours, it can kill people, both children, and adults. Luckily, in the United States, about 10 cases are reported each year - but worldwide, sadly, over 100,000 cases are reported.

8. Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic fever
This fever is transmitted by ticks. While humans get really sick from a tick bite, the ticks themselves don’t suffer the disease they’re carrying at all. It was first described in 1944, in Crimea, which is where it got its first name, Crimean Hemorrhagic Fever. Then it was discovered that the pathogen was also identified in the Congo, so, alas, we have our name. In 3 to 9 days after the tick bite, sufferers start showing symptoms. Then, all of a sudden, fevers, muscle pains, neck pain and stiffness, backache, headache, sore eyes, sensitivity to light, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, sore throat, mood swings, and confusion will set in. Are there any symptoms you DON'T get!? Talk about a rough week! Later, it turns into fatigue, depression, and the abdominal pain gets more focused on the upper right quadrant. The mortality rate is about 30% and death usually comes in the second week.

7. Ebola
The Ebola Virus or Ebola hemorrhagic fever is fatal and affects both humans and animals. It’s transmitted from animals to people. Animals who carry it include fruit bats, porcupines and primates. The disease can spread from person to person via contact with blood, secretions, organs, and other bodily fluids, or from infected materials and surfaces. The fatality rate is about 50%, but certain outbreaks have had rates that go up to 90%! The first cases were in central Africa, then again in 2014 for two years in West Africa, the largest outbreak since 1976.

This is when we all freaked out all the way in America. It was crossing borders from Guinea to Sierra Leone and Liberia. From infection to symptoms we have an incubation period that’s anywhere between 2 and 21 days! This is why quarantine is so important! Symptoms, again include fever, fatigue, muscle pain, headache, and sore throat. Then comes diarrhea, rash, kidney and liver failure, and even internal and external bleeding, which is mainly the horror poster we saw all over the news. Treatment is limited, but hydrating and treating the symptoms goes a long way.

6. Lassa Fever
Another hemorrhagic illness, how fun! This one is easy to contract, normally through food or household items that have come in contact with infected rat’s bodily fluids. Do you know where your food sat for hours or days before it reached you? Yeah, wash that kale, Karen. Well, maybe just anything that possibly came from West Africa, where the rodent disease is endemic. After you’ve contracted the disease, you can infect others around you, especially in close-quarter places like health care facilities! Fatality rate is low, overall at about 1%, 15% in severe untreated cases, so early care is vital.

After being contaminated, you won't actually be symptomatic for almost a month. And that’s where it gets tricky, because about 80% of people who have it, don’t show symptoms at all, even though it’s probably going after your kidneys, liver, and spleen. When you do show symptoms, you'll be treated with fever, general weakness, sore throat, chest pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, cough and abdominal pain, seizures, disorientation, and tremors! 25% of patients who recover, lose their hearing, half of those regaining it after a few months. In fatal cases, it’ll take just 14 days to die. For a disease this frightening, it’s shocking that most of us haven’t heard of it before.



5. Monkeypox
If the name of this disease doesn’t immediately freak you out or take you to some Indiana Jones movie, then I don’t know what to tell you. You’re officially not capable of being freaked out by disease names. This orthopoxvirus is similar to smallpox, which has been eradicated since 1980. However, Monkeypox is still endemic in Central and West Africa. You’ll often find it lingering near tropical rainforests where infected animals live. It’s mainly transferable going from animal to human, as it’s believed human-to-human infection is possible, but not sustainable for the disease. Of course, it’s not pretty at all. Symptoms include skin rashes - starting mostly on the face - that change texture and color in disgusting ways, headache, fatigue, swelling of the lymph nodes, back pain, and muscle pain. It can only be diagnosed in specialized laboratories with several tests. Treatment is scarce but it’s possible to control. Vaccination is extremely effective at about 85%, but isn’t available anymore after it was discontinued after the eradication of smallpox.

4. Nipa Virus Infection
This Zoonotic Virus, known simply as the Nipa Virus, infects from animals to humans, and also goes from infected food to people, and people to people! And the symptoms are rather shocking. From asymptomatic infection to respiratory illnesses and fatal encephalitis. It can also infect pigs and other animals, resulting in severe distress in agricultural economies. So far, it’s only had outbreaks in Asia, but the World Health Organization keeps a close eye on it as it could affect the public in a big way, possibly killing many. The initial signs are nonspecific and the diagnosis is difficult. To add, there are no drugs or vaccines, so for now, only intensive care is recommended for complications, including respiratory and neurologic problems.

3. Tularaemia
This disease is as freaky as it is hard to pronounce. Also known as “rabbit fever”, humans become infected with this disease through the bite of ticks and mosquitoes through the skin, but it’s usually seen in wild mammals and birds. So far, it looks like it’s not contagious from person-to-person. This is one of those diseases that hits a little closer to home, literally. About 200 cases are reported in the United States every year. Men seem to be the target more often, hitting harder during the summer. This could be due to hunting and hiking practices. The disease was actually discovered in California, in Tulare county, hence the name. Once you get it, you’ll start to see fever, skin ulcers, enlarged lymph nodes, and sometimes even pneumonia or throat infection. It's preventable by using repellent, protective clothing, or removing ticks quickly. If you become an unlucky one, it's treatable with antibiotics. Thank goodness for antibiotics!

2. MERS-CoV
MERS Stands for Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, or “Camel Flu”, for short. This disease is a respiratory infection that manifests as fever, cough, diarrhea, and shortness of breath. It hits people with other health problems a lot harder and about 30% of people who are diagnosed will die from it. It comes from bats, and camels have shown antibodies to it, though scientists aren’t sure how they’re being infected. Of course, humans have also been infected and researchers suspect camels are the culprits, but we’re still not sure. Between humans, it’s pretty hard to spread, requiring close contact, and it’s highly uncommon outside of hospitals. The risk this has to wipe us all out is pretty low, but you can never be too sure, especially considering there’s no vaccination for it. It’s not spreading quickly or anything, just  200 cases have been diagnosed as of 2017, and the first case was just in 2012, so we’ll just let the World Health Organization keep an eye on it. Just, don’t touch camels, okay?



1. Rift Valley Fever
As usual, mosquitoes are the culprits here. Usually, only animals are the ones affected, but sometimes humans are, too. Rift Valley Fever, or RVF, can cause flu-like symptoms or hemorrhagic fever that can kill you. Not the type of odds you want to roll the dice on. It first came up in 1931 when an epidemic hit a farm in Rift Valley Kenya. Sheep were dying left and right, and ever since, outbreaks have been spotted in Sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa, Saudi Arabia and Yemen, which means it’s officially outside of the African continent. In humans, it’ll take about a week to show symptoms, which can be pretty mild in some, and really scary in others. Some feel neck stiffness, sensitivity to light, loss of appetite, and vomiting for up to a week. That’s the mild side. Scared yet? Severe symptoms include eye disease, meningoencephalitis, and hemorrhagic fever. Vaccines haven’t really been developed, though they’re being researched, and for now all you can do if you contract it is treat the symptoms and hope you don’t lose an eye! Just kidding, not really.

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