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Russia: At a seven-year high, the ruble

 The Russian ruble is constantly strengthening against the dollar despite sanctions on the Russian economy.

Despite the economic sanctions of the West due to the invasion of Ukraine, the Russian national currency is constantly strengthening.

On Tuesday, the ruble went on sale in international money markets for less than $ 55, which is the first time since June 2015, according to the Russian news agency.

The ruble is also strengthening against the euro since the relative correspondence reaches 57.9 rubles.

At the same time, international oil prices are rising.

Iraq: Summer - hell, the temperature reaches 50 degrees

 It has turned into a continuing torture in the summer in Iraq as the thermometer has been stuck for days close to 50 degrees.

An unusual heatwave is hitting Iraq this June, with temperatures hovering above normal. In Baghdad, the thermometer showed 50 degrees in the shade at the beginning of the month, according to the state television network.

According to the APE-MPE, due to lack of maintenance and resources, the electricity network is collapsing, resulting in Iraqis having electricity only a few hours a day. And not everyone can afford private companies, as the cost is about 100 euros per month for a family of four.

"National priority"

Iraq is facing a summer out of hell, following a spring marked by sandstorms and dust, which were also caused by climate change and desertification, according to meteorologists.

"As heat waves and sandstorms are expected to increase, we expect to have more patients with climate-related health problems," said Saif al-Badr, a spokesman for the Iraqi Ministry of Health.

Climate is changing, temperatures are rising and Iraq is at the forefront of the effects of climate change, President Barham Saleh has warned. He called for the treatment of its effects to be reduced to a "national priority because it poses an existential threat to future generations".

In the province the crops are expected to be catastrophic. "Desertification is affecting 39% of Iraq, and water scarcity is a problem in all of our provinces," Saleh said.

At the moment, the climate is in the background on the political agenda.

Eight months after the parliamentary elections, the Shiite parties, which have a majority in parliament, have failed to agree on who will be the country's prime minister. Incumbent Prime Minister Mustafa Kazimi is dealing with current affairs.

For Natak al-Hafaji, a resident of Nasiriyah, this means "living without electricity". Today the temperature reaches 44 degrees Celsius. "I can still stand it, but for children and the elderly it is very difficult."

"The heat kills us"

Although Iraq is a country rich in hydrocarbons, it is facing energy shortages. That's why he had to turn to Iran, which supplies him with a third of the gas it needs to generate electricity.

But Baghdad owed $ 1.6 billion to Tehran, which cut off gas supplies for a few weeks in the spring. Iraq finally settled its debt in mid-June.

However, the numerous, daily power outages did not stop.

At the same time, the level of the rivers is constantly decreasing due to the reduced rainfall and the dams created by Iran and Turkey.

And that's just the beginning. The World Bank estimates that if Iraq does not adopt appropriate policies, the country's available water reserves could be reduced by 20% by 2050.

For the 70% of Turks, summer vacations are a forbidden fruit

 Due to high inflation and the continued devaluation of the pound, most Turks will not be vacationing this summer.

With inflation at levels above 70% (according to official measurements) summer vacations for Turks will remain a summer night dream for the majority of Turkish citizens.

According to a poll conducted in Turkey, seven out of ten Turks do not even think about taking a vacation this summer as they are unable to finance them.

With inflation at levels above 70% (according to official measurements) summer vacations for Turks will remain a summer night dream for the majority of Turkish citizens.

According to a poll conducted in Turkey, seven out of ten Turks do not even think about taking a vacation this summer as they are unable to finance them.

People on the edge but in 2021 $ 6.5 billion more was spent on nuclear

 New pages of the anti-nuclear movement are being written in Vienna and elsewhere these days.

All of us who deal with the issue of nuclear weapons and the efforts to eliminate them, have from today and for 6 days, our minds, eyes and hearts, focused on Vienna. There, we were led 1,000,000 steps, and more, by men, women and children, around the world. There, where the pulse of the international anti-nuclear movement beats, from 18 to 23 June, at the first high-level meeting of the 63 member states of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.

Nothing came by chance. From the very first use of nuclear weapons by the people of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the first steps to eliminate them were taken by natural scientists and doctors, while the first resolution in the newly established UN, explicitly states "the elimination of national weapons of atomic weapons and all other important weapons that can be used for mass destruction ". However, the Cold War period brought a dizzying increase in nuclear weapons and their testing, by air, land and sea. Thousands of people and their descendants continue to suffer from health problems associated with these trials in various parts of the world.

The struggles of the anti-nuclear movement continued with intensity all these decades, from the legendary march of 1 million protesters in New York in 1982, to the huge anti-nuclear movement in Europe and the Peace March in Greece with the arrogant strength of Grigoris Lambrakis and Ososes who followed in his footsteps. And if the START treaties brought reductions in the number of nuclear warheads of the two superpowers, the US and the USSR (and later, Russia), the 21st century begins with grandiose plans to modernize the nuclear arsenal of the nine nations that hold this power.

No one has slept more peacefully all these years. And no one has forgotten what a nuclear weapons conflict would mean anywhere in the world. No one forgot the victims, the environmental disaster, the financial bleeding. The fight continued, with ICAN's international initiative to eliminate nuclear weapons. And in 2017, 10 years after its creation, it managed to vote in the UN, the text of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), an event that gave it the Nobel Peace Prize the same year.

In simple words, SAPO: "Prohibits nations from developing, testing, producing, manufacturing, transporting, possessing, storing, using or threatening to use nuclear weapons or to allow nuclear weapons to be placed on the ground their. It also prohibits them from assisting, encouraging or motivating anyone to engage in any of these activities. "

Today, 63 countries have already ratified SAPO and are full members. Today, an additional 84 countries have signed it and it remains to be ratified by national parliaments. Today, the region of Central America is the first of which all countries are full members of the Treaty. Today, hundreds of capitals and cities around the world are calling on their governments to ratify the SAPO. Today, already 10% of Greek municipalities call on the Greek Government to sign and ratify the SAPO. (campaign #sosetinpolis)

At the same time, according to ICAN's annual report on nuclear weapons expenditure in 2021:

- $ 82.4 billion was spent by the nine nuclear-armed countries in 2021. $ 6.5 billion more than in 2020.

- 20 nuclear weapons companies received at least $ 19.2 billion in remuneration for nuclear weapons work in 2021 and received $ 30.2 billion in new contracts

- $ 117 million spent by nuclear weapons companies to put pressure on governments.

Nevertheless, due to the entry into force of SAPO, in 2020, 101 capital management companies amounting to 14 trillion. said they were no longer funding programs related to the development, maintenance and modernization of nuclear weapons.

So we are here. In Vienna and around the world. They brought us 1,000,000 and more steps here. And we will not stop until the nuclear weapons and the threat they represent are eliminated. There is no time and space for other discussions. The action against nuclear weapons is intensifying daily and all of us, we can declare present and present in this battle over time. There is no doctrine of preventing the complete elimination of nuclear weapons. There is no political ideology that supports the use of nuclear weapons. There is only one immoral political ideology that supports their existence, just as they are immoral. Now, it is also illegal. New pages of the anti-nuclear movement are being written in Vienna and elsewhere these days, and from person to person, we invite you to take the next steps. Take your own step, one of humanity's next 1,000,000 to a world free of nuclear weapons.

* Nikos Stergiou is the President of the Greek branch of the organization "World Without War and Violence". The article was originally posted on the Pressenza portal.

France: Elizabeth Bourne's "bomb" resignation - Not accepted by Macron

 The Prime Minister of France submitted her resignation to the President after the latter's inability to secure an absolute majority in the French National Assembly.

The Prime Minister of France, Elizabeth Bourne, submitted her resignation to President Emanuel Macron, who did not accept it, "so that the government can remain in office" in the coming days, the Palais des Champs-Elysees announced.

Following Sunday's election, Emmanuel Macron does not have an absolute majority in the French National Assembly.

"Given this situation, the head of state will hold" the necessary political consultations to identify the expected constructive solutions in the service of the French, "the Elysee Palace said in a statement, ahead of a series of meetings with leaders. of parties in the afternoon the President of France at the Presidential Palace.

"Since there is no parliamentary majority, the question arises how the necessary decisions for the country will be taken and implemented. "This is the meaning of this meeting with the political forces," said circles close to the presidency.

Republican President: "Macron is arrogant, he depends on him"

The leader of the French Conservative Party, Les Republicains (LR), the fourth force in the French National Assembly, told France Inter radio today that it was up to Emanuel Macron to change course and take his party's political proposals into account. if he wants to continue ruling after the loss of an absolute majority.

"He was arrogant and now he is calling for help," said Christian Jacob.

Although he stated that "our position is very clear, we are in opposition and we will remain," said the head of the LR, whose economic platform moves in the same direction as the economic policy positions of the French president, adding: "It depends by Emanuel Macron to change course and take into account our political proposals. We will submit proposals every time ".

The President of France begins consultations with the leaders this afternoon

France: Five things we keep from the French elections

Two months after the re-election of Emanuel Macron, the French president's party emerges virtually defeated in the second round of parliamentary elections held on Sunday: it will be deprived of the absolute majority in the National Assembly and will face a "tsunami" during the Marin Lepen, the unprecedented advance of the far right.

The following are five elements that, according to APE-MPE, are worth keeping in mind for the election process of the 577 members of the lower Parliament of France.

"Slap" for Emanuel Macron

The center-liberal presidential faction Ensemble ("Together") is limited to a relative majority in the National Assembly.

According to polling institutes, it will lack at least forty seats to reach the 289 it needed to govern alone. Unprecedented negative performance: this is the smallest relative majority in the 5th Republic, ie since 1958.

If these results are confirmed, the question arises above all whether and to what extent Mr Macron will be able to govern and advance the reforms he has promised, especially in pensions.

The left official opposition

The leader of the radical left, Jean-Luc Melanson, did not win the bet to impose cohabitation on Emanuel Macron, in other words, to force him to name him the new prime minister.

But he managed to turn the left into the official opposition, as he is expected to secure around 150 seats. The NUPES alliance, which brings together socialists, environmentalists, communists and the radical left, has crushed several figures in Mr Macron's faction and prevented the president from securing an absolute majority.

"We achieved the political goal we set less than a month ago," which was to defeat Mr Macron, Mr Melanson said, accusing the head of state of "arrogance".

The far right comes out

His goal was to reach at least 15 deputies to form a parliamentary group in the French National Assembly. According to forecasts, however, the National Alarm may occupy six times as many seats.

Marin Le Pen, who was re-elected in Pas de Calais (north), may have 80 to 95 deputies - ten to fifteen times more than today. The unlucky candidate in the second round of the presidential election promised to exercise "strict" and "responsible" opposition.

The defeated ministers and executives

Many significant figures of the presidential faction suffered painful defeats: the president of the outgoing National Assembly Richard Ferran, the leader of the parliamentary group of Christoph Castaner ...

Three ministers, Amelie de Monsallen (Ecological Transition), Brigitte Bourguignon (Health) and Justin Benin (Maritime and Shipping), had the same fate and are expected to leave the government's denominations, according to France. .

High abstention

As in the first round, more than half of the voters did not go to the polls in the second. The abstention increased even more, it is estimated that it ranged between 53.5 and 54%. It may not have broken the 2017 record (57.36%), but it is estimated that it will be the second highest recorded.

Elon Musk: His 18-year-old daughter changes gender and name - "I do not want any relationship with him"

 Elon Musk's daughter, formerly known as Xavier Alexander Musk, chose to change her gender and name at the age of 18. She wants to break off all ties with her father.

Elon Musk's daughter from his first marriage petitioned to change her name, saying she did not want to be related to her biological father "in any way, shape or form" and that she wanted her new gender identity to be reflected in her documents.

The daughter of Musk and his first wife, Justin Wilson, was formerly named Xavier Alexander Musk. The couple divorced in 2008.

Musk's daughter, who recently turned 18, identifies herself as a trans woman and has applied to change her name according to her new gender identity in the Los Angeles County Superior Court in Santa Monica in April.

"I no longer live or want to have a relationship with my biological father in any way, shape or form," the statement said, according to Reuters.

Her new name now appears in an online document, as the agency points out. However, according to a TMZ article, she wants to change her name to Vivian Jenna Wilson, in order to go along with both her gender identity and her mother's first name.

The hearing for the name change application will start on Friday, according to the publication.

The exact reasons why the rift between Musk and his daughter has occurred are not yet clear.

Musk avoids answering relevant questions either through his lawyer or through Tesla's liaison office.

Musk's political stance on trans people

One month after the change was filed in court, the head of Tesla and SpaceX, which is trying to acquire the $ 44 billion Twitter social media platform, said he supported the Republican Party, which has Adopts a number of laws that seek to restrict trans community rights in many US states.

Mr. Musk has also, in the past, christened the idea of ​​preferring the pronouns "aesthetic nightmare".

"I fully support trans people, but all these pronouns are an aesthetic nightmare," Musk wrote on Twitter in 2020.

That same year, Mr. Musk wrote in another tweet that "pronouns suck."

Musk and Wilson were married in 2000 and lived together for eight years. They also have a son named Griffin.

Ukraine: Russian army causes "utter disaster" in Lisichansk

 The last 24 hours have been difficult for the Ukrainian forces in Lisichansk, where, according to its governor, the Russians are wreaking havoc.

The Russian military is causing "utter disaster" in Lisichansk, the neighboring city of Sheverodonetsk in Donbass in eastern Ukraine, said Luhansk regional governor Sergei Haidai.

"Fighting is taking place in the Sheverodonetsk industrial zone and it is causing utter destruction in Lysitshansk," Haidai told the Telegram, stressing that "the last 24 hours have been difficult" for Ukrainian forces.

According to him, "the blows continue on the (three) already damaged bridges that connect Sheverodonetsk with Lysitshansk", cutting off the first, a city of about 100,000 inhabitants, from the remaining territories under the control of Kiev.

"The Russians want to conquer the Luhansk region as a whole," which they already control almost completely, "before (Sunday) June 26," he said.

"But they will not succeed in five days", the APE-MPE characteristically states.

Sergei Haidai also referred to last night, saying it was like "calm before the storm", waiting for new blows of the Russian artillery during the day.

The governor finally noted that "a corpse and a wounded man" were found this morning, without elaborating further.

UN bans travel to two Taliban officials over oppression of women

 The UN has decided to ban travel to two Taliban ministers in charge of education due to the suffocating restriction of women's rights.

The United Nations today banned the travel of two Taliban ministers to Afghanistan in charge of education in retaliation for the dramatic reduction in the rights of women and girls by their regime, diplomatic sources said.

The UN has decided to extend for at least two months the travel ban, which is renewed every three months to allow the Taliban to meet with officials from other countries abroad. Its validity expired on Monday and has so far affected 15 Taliban officials.

However, the UN has excluded from the list of beneficiaries of the exemption Saeed Ahmad Seidhel, interim Deputy Minister of Education, and Abdul Baki Bashir Awal Shah, also known as Abdul Baki Hakani, interim Minister of Higher Education. named.

The two ministers are no longer allowed to travel abroad, in a first retaliatory measure by the United Nations against measures imposed by their regime in Afghanistan since it came to power in August, mainly restricting women and girls' access to work and education.

"This decision is superficial and unfair. The only thing that makes such decisions is to make the situation more critical," said Lutfullah Hirqua, the Taliban's deputy minister of higher education.

The decision was taken by the UN Sanctions Committee in charge of Afghanistan, which represents the 15 members of the Security Council.

After tough negotiations between them, a compromise was reached to extend the exemption for 13 Taliban officials for "60 + 30 days", diplomats clarified.

Due to the situation in Afghanistan, some countries were in favor of suspending the exemption for all Taliban officials. However, some others did not approve of the hard line, according to diplomats.

Under the terms of the agreement, the exemption will be automatically extended for the 13th in the third month "unless a Member State of the Council objects", a diplomatic source also said.

Peshkov: Death sentence not ruled out for two Americans captured in Ukraine

 We do not know where the two American citizens are now, said the representative of the Russian president, since, according to their families, they have not returned from a mission in the Kharkiv region.

U.S. citizens captured while fighting in eastern Ukraine are subject to court rulings, the Kremlin said today, noting that it did not rule out that they could face the death penalty.

"We can not rule out anything, because these are court decisions. We never comment on them and we have no right to interfere in court decisions," said Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peshkov, when asked if Americans could be tried. on the territory of pro-Russian separatists and sentenced to death.

"We are talking about mercenaries who threatened the lives of our military personnel. And not only ours, but also the military personnel of the Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics."

The Kremlin does not know where the two American citizens are now, Peshkov added, as their families said they had not returned from a mission in the Kharkiv region.

Yesterday, Monday, the Kremlin announced that they are mercenaries and are not covered by the Geneva Convention as they do not belong to regular troops and will face the consequences of their actions.

Earlier in the day, Russia's Interfax news agency reported, citing an unnamed source, that the two Americans were now in the Russian-backed self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic in eastern Ukraine.

If this information is confirmed and 27-year-old Andy Huen and 39-year-old Alexander Drouki - both from Alabama - are indeed in Donetsk, there will be fears that they may be charged in the territory of pro-Russian separatists.

Britain's Sean Piner and Eden Ashlin and Moroccan Brahim Saadoun were sentenced to death by a Russian-backed Donetsk separatist earlier this month after being captured while fighting in the Ukrainian army.

Reuters was unable to confirm this Interfax information regarding the whereabouts of the two Americans. A spokeswoman for the pro-Russian Democratic Party of Donetsk declined to comment.

Although Russia does not carry out death sentences, the self-proclaimed Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics, whose independence has only been recognized by Moscow, include the death penalty in their legislation.

Relatives of the two American citizens said they were not mercenaries and that they traveled to Ukraine in April as volunteers to help repel Russian forces.

The two men told relatives on June 8 that they were going on a mission and that they could not have contact with them for one or two days. Family members also said they later learned they were in the Kharkiv region, which borders Donetsk.

Alexander Drewki, Alexander's mother, also said: "Alex did not go in the military. He went as a military man with military training."

EU: Turkey to respect sovereignty and territorial integrity of Member States

 Turkish provocation seems to be a major issue at the upcoming Madrid Summit. "To clarify its position," Emanuel Macron asked Turkey.

The European Council expresses its concern over Turkey's provocative stance and statements through its draft conclusions ahead of the Summit.

"The European Council has expressed its deep concern over the repeated recent actions and statements by Turkey. Turkey must respect the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all EU Member States.

Recalling its previous conclusions and its declaration of 25 March 2021, the European Council expects Turkey to fully respect international law, to de-escalate tensions in the interests of regional stability in the Eastern Mediterranean and to promote good neighborly relations. way ", he states, as APE-MPE writes.

At the same time, regarding the accession process of the Western Balkans, the draft states that "the European Union expresses its full and unequivocal commitment to the prospect of the Western Balkans joining the EU and calls for the acceleration of the accession process" and states that the European The Commission, the High Representative and the Council to further promote the gradual integration between the European Union and the region already during the enlargement process itself in a reversible and meritocratic way.

With regard to Ukraine, it is stressed that the adoption of the sixth package of EU sanctions further intensifies the pressure on Russia to end its war against Ukraine, but also that in terms of sanctions work will continue, with a view to strengthening their implementation and avoiding encroachment.

All countries are also called upon to comply with EU sanctions, especially the candidate countries.

Finally, the draft conclusions of the Summit state that Russia, Belarus and all those responsible for war crimes and other more serious crimes will be held accountable for their actions, in accordance with international law.

Macron: "Turkey to clarify its position"

The President of France Emanuel Macron, who, in view of the summit in Madrid, met today in Paris with the Secretary General of NATO Jens Stoltenberg, discussed with him the issue of the European defense strategy in the framework of the Atlantic Alliance, Relevant statement from the Presidency of the French Republic that Turkey should clarify its position on the issue.

President Macron reiterated his country's support for Finland and Sweden's demands for membership in the Atlantic Alliance, stressing that these are countries with significant defense capabilities that will help strengthen the stability and security of the Euro-Atlantic area.

He also reiterated France 's readiness to guarantee the security of the two countries until their accession to the Alliance. During the meeting, the Ukrainian issue was also discussed, where the need was noted for the continuation of close cooperation between the NATO allies.

Zelensky invitation to Orban to visit Ukraine

 Volodymyr Zelensky and Viktor Orban had a telephone conversation. Ukraine's EU membership, energy and refugees are at the center of the conversation.

The invitation to the Hungarian Prime Minister, Viktor Orban, to visit Ukraine was addressed by Volodymyr Zelensky on Tuesday (06/21), at the end of a telephone conversation.

"We had a fruitful conversation with the Hungarian Prime Minister, Viktor Orban," the Ukrainian president wrote on Twitter, adding, "Thank you for your support of Ukrainian sovereignty and for sheltering Ukrainians during the war."

He went on to say that the two countries agreed to develop co-operation in the energy sector, while thanking Orban for his support of Ukraine's bid to join the EU, and inviting the Hungarian Prime Minister to visit Ukraine.

According to a statement issued by Viktor Orban's press secretary to the Hungarian MTI, the two leaders focused on Ukraine's bid to join the European Union, the reception of war refugees from Hungary and other areas of Hungarian-Ukrainian cooperation.

During the meeting, the Hungarian Prime Minister underlined Hungary's support for Ukraine's EU bid and the removal of bureaucratic obstacles to Ukraine's accession to the EU. At the same time, Orban pledged to communicate Hungary's position at the EU summit this week in Brussels.

According to the same information, the Hungarian Prime Minister noted that the country has now received almost 800,000 Ukrainian refugees and is ready to cooperate in further energy projects as well as in the rail transport of Ukrainian grain. Hungary will also host an even larger number of Ukrainian students, he told his counterpart.

Spain: Flaming space rocket debris illuminates Iberian sky

 The flaming debris of the space rocket became visible in the Iberian sky. They talk about the most impressive phenomenon that has been observed.

Remains of a Chinese space rocket glowing as they entered the atmosphere illuminated Spain's night sky in the early hours of Tuesday morning, leaving many spectators stunned and puzzled.

"I think it was the most spectacular phenomenon I have ever observed in the sky," said Miguel Kruth, who videotaped images provided by Reuters. In the relevant video, the pieces of the rocket are immortalized crossing the ethers, creating a "bright path" over Granada, as they ignited and separated.

Kruth had read about the wreckage of a Chinese CZ-2F rocket and was ready to capture images from a balcony. "I did not have high hopes, but I was lucky tonight," he said.

Similar videos from different locations in Spain and Portugal have been published by internet users. This was followed by a storm of comments on social media - speculating about meteorites and even ... aliens - which subsided when it became known that it was the wreckage of a space rocket.

An eyewitness described in a Twitter post that "cars stopped on a highway" and people were watching the spectacle in the sky.

The rocket was launched on June 5 and transported three astronauts to the Chinese space station.

Russia: Fighter plane crashes near border with Ukraine

 A Russian Su-25 fighter jet crashed in the Rostov region, near the border with Ukraine, Russian media reported.

A Russian fighter jet has crashed in the Rostov region near the border with Ukraine, killing its pilot, the region's military has said.

"On June 21, a Su-25 aircraft crashed in the Rostov region during a scheduled training flight. "The pilot was killed," the source was quoted as saying by Russian news agencies.

According to the first information, the crash of the Sukhoi car is attributed to mechanical damage.

On June 17, another aircraft of the same type crashed in the Belgorod region - which also borders Ukraine - during a training flight, with Russian authorities attributing the crash to mechanical damage.

Moscow has repeatedly accused Kyiv of launching attacks in Russian border areas.

Horror in Cyprus: He raped his partner's 9-year-old daughter

 A man in Cyprus has been found guilty of sexually abusing his partner's 9-year-old daughter. He was sentenced to 11 years in prison.

The Permanent Criminal Court of Paphos, in a process of closed doors, imposed joint prison sentences of up to 11 years on a man who was found guilty of charges of child sexual abuse and domestic violence, with the victim being the minor daughter of his partner.

More specifically, as broadcast by KYPE, according to an announcement by the Criminal Court, the minor was about 9 years old during the period of committing the crimes between 2017 and May 2019.

As mentioned, during the imposition of the sentence, the need for deterrence was emphasized due to the escalation of the phenomenon of sexual abuse of minors, whose abuse involves the deconstruction of sacred minority in early years, with the abuse affecting all aspects of their lives.

War in Ukraine: At least 15 civilians killed in Russian attacks in Kharkov

 Fifteen people were killed and sixteen others were injured in the Kharkiv region by Russian fire on Tuesday.

At least 15 civilians were killed and 16 others wounded by Russian artillery fire today in the greater Kharkiv region, according to regional governor Olekh Sinegubov.

"Fifteen people are dead and sixteen others are injured. "These are the terrible consequences of the Russian bombing at noon in the Kharkiv region," Sinegubov wrote in a Telegram post.

As he explained, six people were killed in the city of Kharkiv and its environs, another six in Chuhuif (southeast) and three in Zolotsif (northwest).

After several weeks, Russian bombardment has intensified in recent days in the region.

Deadly 6.1 magnitude earthquake shakes Afghanistan - At least 40 dead

 The quake had a focal depth of 10 kilometers and its epicenter is located near the border with Pakistan

An earthquake measuring 6.1 on the Richter scale struck early Wednesday in southeastern Afghanistan, according to the German Geosciences Research Center (GFZ).

The quake had a focal depth of 10 km and its epicenter was located 36 km southwest of Khōst near the border with Pakistan, according to GFZ.

According to initial estimates, 40 people have been killed.

The focal depth of the seismic vibration is estimated at 6 km.

US: Draft law to reduce violence with the use of firearms

 The first step was taken in the Senate to address a long-standing issue in the United States. The majority is in favor.

Senators from both parties unveiled a bill Tuesday to curb gun use following a series of massacres that shocked the United States.

This is a text that can not stand any comparison with the measures requested by Joe Biden, but, if approved, it will be the first to tackle this scourge in almost three decades.

A majority of senators voted in favor of him in the first, procedural vote last night.

In deeply politically divided America, reaching an agreement in Congress between Democrats and Republicans is rare, especially on issues such as arms.

If passed, it would be "the most important in nearly 30 years," said Democratic Sen. Chris Murphy. The 80-page text "will save millions of lives," he assured.

The parliamentary initiative follows the massacres in Ovalde, Texas, where a teenager slaughtered 21 people in a primary school - 19 children and two teachers - and in Buffalo, New York, when a young racist killed 10 blacks in a supermarket. The two episodes were recorded in May, in roughly a week.

Chuck Sumer, the leader of the Democrats in the Senate, spoke of "progress."

"Although it is not at all what we would like, this bill is necessary, urgently," he explained in a statement.

His Republican counterpart, Mitch McConnell, sees a "common sense package," he said in a statement pledging to vote.

For Republican John Cornyn, who worked with Chris Murphy on his draft, the text will guarantee that attacks like the one in Uvalde are less likely to be carried out, while ensuring that "the 2nd amendment" to the Constitution remains intact. which guarantees Americans the right to bear arms.

He said on Twitter he was "proud" that the bill, which focuses on "mental health" and "school safety", did not provide for "any new restrictions on law-abiding gun owners", typing the words "no new restrictions" in capital letters.

What the bill provides

The provisions of the bill are far removed from the measures requested by President Biden, such as a ban on the sale of military-type assault rifles.

The bill focuses primarily on enforcing existing state-by-state legislation that allows guns to be removed from people deemed dangerous to themselves or society, according to Murphy. It also provides for stricter verification of the criminal record and psychological history of would-be arms buyers aged 18 to 21, stricter crackdowns on illegal arms sales, and mental health programs.

Mr Biden has publicly spoken out in support of activist proposals to combat gun violence, outlining measures he would like to see promoted: banning the sale of assault rifles and large-capacity magazines, verifying all criminal records and criminal records. of would-be arms buyers - and not just those under the age of 21 - the introduction of the obligation of gun owners to keep them locked and safe ...

Senator Murphy believes the bill will be passed "within a week."

The most powerful arms lobby, the NRA, has made it clear on Twitter that it opposes the bill. The NRA's position could drastically reduce the number of Republicans who will support the text.

US: Mexican scientist convicted of Russian espionage

 A prominent Mexican scientist sat on the bench of a US court on Tuesday. Imprisonment for espionage.

A prominent Mexican scientist was sentenced by a US court on Tuesday to four years in prison for espionage on behalf of Russia.

Hector Cabrera Fuentes, 37, pleaded guilty in February. He was accused of acting on behalf of a foreign government without notifying US authorities.

"I have deep regrets and regrets for what I did and I apologize to the United States," he said at the time.

"Everyone makes mistakes in their lives and that was my big mistake," added the well-known biochemist.

Hector Cabrera Fuentes, who lived in Singapore, was arrested in 2020 in Miami for spying on behalf of Moscow, "a source of the American government," according to a statement released by the US Department of Justice at the time.

A Russian official recruited the Mexican scientist in 2019, according to briefs.

He was serving a sentence of up to ten years in prison.

Eurobarometer: War unites citizens in EU - Greeks worried about consequences

 Public support for the EU boosted by the war in Ukraine, according to a spring Eurobarometer survey. Greeks are worried about the consequences in their daily lives.

Russia's attack on Ukraine has boosted public support for the EU, according to the European Parliament's 2022 Spring Eurobarometer.

EU membership

Nearly two-thirds (65%) of Europeans consider their country's EU membership a "good thing". This is the highest result since 2007, when the corresponding percentage had risen to 58%. The absolute majority of citizens in all countries, except Greece and Slovakia, view the EU membership positively, where most of the respondents (43% of Greeks) answer that it is "neither good nor bad". Compared to the latest EP survey conducted at the end of 2021, the results have increased significantly in most countries, especially Lithuania (+20 percentage points), Malta (+12) and Estonia (+9).

Image of the EU and the European Parliament

52% of Europeans today have a positive image of the EU, compared to 12% who have a negative one. This result is an increase of 3 points from November-December 2021, while at the same time, it is the best result recorded in a European Parliament survey since 2007. National results for a positive EU image range from 76% in Ireland to 32 % in GREECE.

The President of the European Parliament Roberta Metsola, expressing her satisfaction with the results of the survey, said that "with the war back on our continent, Europeans feel safer as part of the European Union. "European citizens have strong ties to freedom, they are ready to defend our values ​​and they are becoming more and more aware that our democracy should no longer be taken for granted."

War in Ukraine and consequences

Recent events have also affected the image that Europeans have of other important actors on the international stage. At EU level only 10% view Russia positively, compared to 30% the last time the same question was asked in 2018. In second place in the list is China at EU level, with 22% (-14 points ). Europeans, on the other hand, have a more positive outlook for the United Kingdom at 65% (+1), followed by the United States at 58% (+13).

As far as Turkey is concerned, 28% of European citizens have a positive view, while the percentage of Greeks who view Turkey positively reaches only 4%. Differences between the Greeks and the average are also recorded in relation to the other countries, with 25% positive opinions among the respondents for Russia and 36% for China. Greeks, on the other hand, have a positive view of the United Kingdom by 46% and the USA by 34%.

Most citizens perceive the war in Ukraine as a fundamental change: 61% of Europeans are not convinced that their lives will remain unchanged - with the percentage "climbing" to 86% in Greece. According to a survey published last week by the European Commission, eight out of ten respondents (80%) agree with imposing financial sanctions on the Russian government, as well as on Russian companies and individuals - down from 70% in Greece. The majority of citizens in 22 Member States are satisfied with the EU response to the Russian invasion of Ukraine, with Greece (44%) still among the exceptions.

As inflation and the cost of living rose long before the Russian invasion of Ukraine, four out of ten Europeans in total say they are already experiencing an impact on their standard of living (49% in Greece). As a clear sign of European resilience and unity, 59% of Europeans prioritize defending our common European values, such as freedom and democracy - even if it would affect prices and the cost of living. In Greece, 48% of respondents believe that defending these values ​​should be a priority. The vast majority also put price and cost of living restraint (51%) at the top of the list compared to the European average (39%).

EP priorities and values ​​to defend

Growing economic concerns are also reflected in issues where citizens would like the European Parliament to prioritize: the fight against poverty and social exclusion is cited as the first priority (38%), followed by public health (35%), which has dropped significantly by 7 points in the last six months.

European citizens chose democracy and the rule of law as the third priority (32%), a category which in turn increased significantly by 7 points. In Greece, support for the economy and job creation are at the top (60%), the fight against poverty and social exclusion is in second place (59%) and public health is in third (52%).

Public opinion about the war and its significance for the EU are also clearly reflected in the core values ​​that citizens want the European Parliament to defend as a matter of priority: democracy is again at the top of the list, up six points compared to by the fall of 2021 (38%). This is followed by the protection of human rights in the EU and worldwide, as well as freedom of speech and thought (27%). In Greece, citizens chose solidarity between EU Member States and democracy as the top value (39% each answer). This was followed by the rule of law (33%) and freedom of speech and thought (30%).

The European Parliament's Spring Eurobarometer 2022 data collection took place between 19 April and 16 May. The survey involved 26,580 Europeans from the 27 EU Member States. In Greece, 1,014 people participated through a personal interview.

Earthquake flattens Afghanistan: At least 250 dead - Major disasters

 A 6.1 magnitude earthquake has struck Afghanistan in the early hours of the morning. The tragic toll counts hundreds of dead with the latest information saying at least 250 victims.

At least 250 people have been killed in a magnitude 6.1 earthquake in eastern Afghanistan on Tuesday, disaster management officials said.

Most of the deaths were in Paktika province, where 100 people were killed and 250 were injured, said Mohammad Nasim Hakani, head of the Taliban's disaster management service.

According to him, there are reports of deaths in the eastern provinces of Nangarhar and Host, while the authorities continue to assess the damage.

"Unfortunately, last night there was a strong earthquake in four areas of Paktika province, which killed and injured hundreds of our fellow citizens and destroyed dozens of houses," Bilal Karimi, a spokesman for the Taliban government, said on Twitter.

"We call on all relief services to send teams to the area immediately to prevent further disaster," he added.

Photos posted on social media show damaged houses on the streets of a village. Local sources in Paktika province said the quake caused a landslide.

Afghanistan is often hit by earthquakes, mainly in the Hindu Kush massif at the junction of two tectonic plates, the Eurasian and the Indian.

Britain: At 9.1% inflation and nightmare forecast for the future

 The inflation wave is still hitting the British economy with the forecasts even talking about an even worse continuation.

Inflation in the UK rose sharply in May.

It now stands at 9.1% while in April it had moved to the level of 9% according to the data of the National Statistical Office of Britain.

This percentage remains the highest recorded in the country since 1982 when inflation had climbed to 10.2%.

Most worrying, however, has to do with the forecast of the Bank of England, which has warned in time that inflation will break the 1982 record, reaching 11% during the year.

Analysts conclude that commodity prices are rising at the fastest rate in 45 years, with all that that means for households.

Bill Cosby: New conviction for sexually abusing a minor at Playboy mansion

 A Los Angeles court has found the actor guilty of sexually abusing a 16-year-old. The amount required to pay.

Bill Cosby was found guilty of sexually abusing a minor at the Playboy mansion in 1975.

Judy Houth testified at the end of a lengthy lawsuit that the 84-year-old actress had forced her into sexual intercourse when she was 16, with jurors ruling in her favor and the court awarding $ 500,000 in damages.

The 64-year-old testified that, together with a friend, they met Cosby in a park and that a few hours later, the 37-year-old -then- actor took her to the mansion where, as he said, he attacked her and forced her to have sexual acts without her consent. .

Huth is one of more than 50 women who have filed abuse allegations against him, but he still denies them.

He was released in the summer of 2021

It is recalled that, last June, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court ordered his release, after, according to the 79-page report on his case, "the sentences and convictions are invalid and Bill Cosby is released from them."

The actor was sentenced to three to 10 years in prison, as in April 2018 he was found guilty of three cases of indecent assault with aggravating circumstances because he drugged and sexually assaulted his former girlfriend, Andria Constant, former administrator of Temple University, in 2004 in his home in Philadelphia.

Spain: Reduction of VAT on electricity to 5%

 Spain becomes the country with the lowest VAT rate in Europe for electricity after the decision of the Sanchez government.

The Spanish government is ready to announce another measure to stem the tide of electricity precision.

According to information coming from Spain, the Sanchez government is working on a plan to reduce the VAT on electricity from 10 to 5%.

If the plan is approved, which is expected to be done by Saturday, Spain will become the country with the lowest electricity VAT in Europe.

This decision of the Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez seems to have hastened the defeat of his party in the recent local elections in Andalusia when he lost the lead after many years from the People's Party.

The decision is taken despite the European Commission's recommendation to avoid tax cuts as a measure with dubious effects on consumers.

Tragedy in Texas: Mother forgot 5 year old in the car - The boy died from the heat

 A mother in Texas left her 5-year-old son in the car for three hours, causing the child to die from the high temperature.

The tragedy that took place in Texas, USA, does not fit the human mind, with a 5-year-old boy dying from the high temperature in the car, where his mother had forgotten it.

According to the New York Post, it all happened on Monday afternoon, when the mother, returning from shopping, parked outside her house and after carrying the bags, left the 5-year-old boy in the car and started the preparations for the 8-year-old's party. her daughter.

The I.X. was parked under the sun, causing dangerous temperatures to develop and the child to lose his life. After 3 hours, the mother realized that the child was not at home.

Then he realized that he had forgotten it in the vehicle and as soon as he got out, he found the 5-year-old dead in the car. The county sheriff confirmed that the child died after staying in the car for several hours.

The mother claimed that her son knew how to take off his seat belt and get out of the vehicle, however, the car was rented and the child was not familiar with the way he unlocked it.

It is unknown at this time what he will do after leaving the post.

Lithuania 'excludes' Kaliningrad: 'We will respond' says Moscow - Concern over generalized ignition

 The area occupied by the "red army" after the end of World War II by Germany, is essentially within the territory of the member states of the European Union. Its importance and logistics exclusion.

The dispute between Russia and Lithuania is escalating after the Baltic state blocked the transport of goods subject to sanctions to the Russian enclave of Kaliningrad. Lithuania says it is following EU directives, but Moscow is threatening to say "how to respond". Lithuania insists on aligning itself with the rest of the EU, with the European bloc and the US providing support to Vilnius.

For his part, Zelensky said that Europe's decision on Kaliningrad "is very important to us", while standing by Russia's "anti-European policy". "Russia feels a constant increase in pressure for war and for its aggressive anti-European policy," he said.

The Kaliningrad enclave is Russia's westernmost territory and the only part of the country surrounded by EU states. As of Monday, CNN reported that the Lithuanian Railways, the state-owned railway company, would no longer allow trains carrying goods subject to EU sanctions.

As you will see in the map below, Lithuania is located east of the enclave, with Poland to the south.

Moscow responded angrily to Lithuania's move. Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peshkov called the move "unprecedented and illegal." The Lithuanian envoy to Moscow was summoned to the Russian Foreign Ministry and informed that if the transfer of goods to the Kaliningrad region is not fully restored, Russia reserves the right to take action to protect its national interests.

"Russia will definitely respond to such hostile actions. We are working on measures that will be taken in the near future. The consequences will be serious," Nikolai Patrushev, secretary of the Security Council, told RIA Novosti. negative impact on the population of Lithuania ".

According to the Russian state news agency TASS, the products subject to sanctions include construction machinery, machine tools and other industrial equipment. Some luxury items are also included. Products subject to sanctions will now have to travel by sea, which raises shipping costs.

The Lithuanian Foreign Ministry reiterated that it has not imposed unilateral restrictions and that it is in line with EU directives. photos of Russia's invasion of Ukraine appear as part of Lithuanians' protest against the invasion.

The strategic importance and the Kaliningrad nuclear power plant

Kaliningrad was for a number of years a heavily militarized area, closed to foreigners. But in recent years Kaliningrad has become an emerging tourist destination and has hosted matches during the 2018 World Cup in Russia.

It has a population of about one million inhabitants, the majority of whom live in the homonymous capital. The port of the region is the westernmost port in Russia and is largely ice-free all year round. Also in the pocket is the Suwalki Corridor, the only land connection between the Baltic states and the rest of the European Union.

Kaliningrad is also the headquarters of the Russian Baltic Fleet. RIA Novosti reported Monday that the fleet began scheduled missile and artillery drills, involving 1,000 soldiers and 100 units.

In 2002, the EU and Moscow reached an agreement on open access to Russia to Kaliningrad, before Poland and Lithuania joined the European Union in 2004. Russia now claims that the 2002 agreement has been violated.

Kaliningrad became even more important to Russia with the planned accession of Sweden and Finland to NATO. Dmitry Medvedev, the vice-president of the Russian National Security Council, recently said that with the Alliance's accession plans, "we can no longer talk about a non-nuclear regime in the Baltic. The balance must be restored."

Russia has not acknowledged that it has nuclear weapons in Kaliningrad, but in 2018 the Federation of American Scientists concluded that Russia had significantly upgraded a nuclear weapons depot in the region, based on satellite image analysis.

Following Russia's invasion of Ukraine, Lithuania urged NATO to increase troop deployments on its territory. At the same time, he called for strengthening the safety of the Suwalki corridor, which is vital for the country.

The US supports Lithuania

However, the United States has stated its support for Lithuania, a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, in the face of Russian threats against Vilnius.

US diplomat Ned Price reiterated to reporters Washington's "unwavering" commitment to NATO Article 5, which stipulates that "an attack on an allied country is an attack on all". "We support our NATO allies and we support Lithuania," he said, welcoming the European Union's imposition of sanctions on Russia over its invasion of Ukraine.

"We have strengthened our commitment to the Alliance, we have strengthened the eastern side of NATO, especially those countries that are at the forefront of the Russian threat," he insisted.

Meanwhile, in Brussels, EU spokesman Peter Stano said the EU ambassador to Moscow had called on Russia to refrain from "escalating steps and rhetoric" and to shift the EU's position on Russia's aggression against Ukraine. "Lithuania applies the sanctions and there is no unilateral exclusion."

Concerns about "Suwałki Gap"

However, former Estonian President Toomas Hendrik Ilves has also expressed concern since 2015, in a meeting he had with Ursula von der Leyen when she was still Germany's defense minister.

What is worrying is that in an escalation of the conflict with the West, Russia could close this corridor by cutting off the Baltic states from their allies to the South.

Such a move would also result in a direct confrontation between Moscow and NATO's nuclear-armed members, pushing the world to the brink of an unprecedented conflict, according to Politico. Politico even describes this corridor as "the most dangerous spot on the planet" at the moment.

Ilves' warning was a reaction to Russia's annexation of Crimea, but the dark scenarios now seem to take on a different meaning.

The West is not currently worried about a possible new military action by Putin in the Baltic, but according to Politico, the Russian leader is betting that he wants to look unpredictable.

Mikhail Kasyanov, Russia's former prime minister under Putin, poured more oil on the fire last week, predicting that "the Baltic states will be next" if Ukraine falls. The expected accession of Sweden and Finland to NATO, however, is expected to increase tensions between Russia and the Alliance. The addition of the two Nordic countries could make it more difficult for Russia to cut the Baltic from the rest of the Alliance, which is sure to provoke reactions from Putin.

In any case, Lithuania, like its Baltic neighbors, is inadequately equipped for a - theoretical - Russian attack.

"The only answer to this challenge is the increased NATO presence here," said Margiris Abukevičius, Lithuania's deputy defense minister. "We know how obsessed Russia is with closing land corridors," he said in a statement a few hours ago.

During a visit to Vilnius earlier this month, German Chancellor Olaf Solz tried to reassure his hosts by saying Germany would send a "strong brigade" to Lithuania, implying that thousands of troops would be deployed.

Eventually, Germany transferred only 50 soldiers as guards.

The exposure of the Baltic countries to Russian aggression is expected to be a key issue at the next NATO Summit, which will be of great importance. Officials have signaled that NATO will significantly strengthen forces in the Baltic and the EU's eastern borders, heralding a historic change in NATO's stance.

Another key factor in the region's defense is Poland, which has the largest army in the region.

Historical disputes between Poles and Lithuanians in the Suwałki corridor over language and minority rights on both sides of the border have led to speculation that Putin could "use" these tensions to his advantage, similar to the tactics used by followed in Donbass. For now, Lithuania and Poland have come closer in recent hours to the common threat from Moscow.

In any case, the next period of time is expected to be more than tense.

Deadly earthquake in Afghanistan: At least 1000 dead - Images of disaster

 The death toll from the deadly earthquake that struck in the early hours of Wednesday morning in Afghanistan is constantly rising.

The death toll from the magnitude 6.1 earthquake that struck Afghanistan early in the morning has risen to 1,000, according to a senior official in one of the worst-hit provinces, with hundreds more injured.

"The death toll has risen to 1,000 and the number is rising. "People are opening graves, one after the other," said Mohammad Amin Huzaifa, head of the Paktika province's Information and Culture Service, in a statement to the press.

Most of the deaths were in Paktika province, where 100 people were killed and 250 were injured, said Mohammad Nasim Hakani, head of the Taliban's disaster management service.

According to him, there are reports of deaths in the eastern provinces of Nangarhar and Host, while the authorities continue to assess the damage.

"Unfortunately, last night there was a strong earthquake in four areas of Paktika province, which killed and injured hundreds of our fellow citizens and destroyed dozens of houses," Bilal Karimi, a spokesman for the Taliban government, said on Twitter.

"We call on all relief services to send teams to the area immediately to prevent further disaster," he added.

Photos posted on social media show damaged houses on the streets of a village. Local sources in Paktika province said the quake caused a landslide.

Afghanistan is often hit by earthquakes, mainly in the Hindu Kush massif at the junction of two tectonic plates, the Eurasian and the Indian.

In Saudi Arabia, the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia - Will Meet with Erdogan

 The Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia is visiting Ankara and is expected to meet with President Erdogan, continuing efforts to rekindle bilateral relations.

Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is expected in Turkey today for his first official visit to the country after nine years of strained bilateral relations, which began with the Arab Spring and worsened after the assassination of a journalist in Istanbul.

"God willing, we will see how far relations between Turkey and Saudi Arabia can go," Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said on Friday, confirming the de facto visit of the Saudi king's leader to Ankara.

According to the Athenian and Macedonian News Agency, the first act of reconciliation between the two countries took place in late April: President Erdogan went to Saudi Arabia where he discussed with the successor prince ways to "develop" bilateral relations.

Three weeks earlier, Turkish justice had decided to close the case of the murder of Saudi Arabian Jamal Kasogi, a Washington Post journalist, who was murdered and his body dismembered in October 2018 at his country's consulate in Istanbul.

Ankara sent the case to the Saudi authorities, paving the way for rapprochement with Riyadh.

The second act will be played today: Mohammed bin Salman will meet with Erdogan after a tour of the region that started on Monday from Egypt.

His schedule is not yet known, but many agreements are expected to be signed between the two men, a senior Turkish official said.

"As a beggar"

"This is one of the most important visits to Ankara in almost a decade," said Soner Tsagaptai of the Washington Institute for Near East Policy.

He noted that the Riyadh-Ankara conflict began in 2013, when Erdogan had backed Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi, a black sheep for Saudi Arabia, against General al-Sisi, who led his party.

At the same time, the blockade imposed by Saudi Arabia in 2014 on Qatar, an ally of Turkey, which lasted until 2017, and then the Kasogi affair, worsened relations between the two countries.

At the time, the Turkish president had accused "the highest-ranking members of the Saudi government" of ordering the assassination.

But less than a year before the mid-June 2023 presidential election, and at a time when inflation is severely affecting Turkish purchasing power, Erdogan is stepping up his efforts to normalize relations with major regional powers: Saudi Arabia, Israel and the United Arab Emirates.

"Erdogan has swallowed his pride a little. "He has only one thing on his mind: to win the upcoming elections," Chagaptai said, adding that the Turkish president, who went to the Emirates in mid-February, was "desperately trying to attract investment from the Gulf."

After two decades in power in Turkey, Erdogan is facing the collapse of the Turkish lira (-44% against the dollar in 2021 and -23% from January 1) and an inflation that reached 73.55% on an annual basis in May, raising doubts about his re-election.

"You referred the case (Kasogi) to Saudi Arabia in exchange for money, like a beggar," Kemal Kilicdaroglu, the leader of the main opposition party, complained on Tuesday.


For Mohammed bin Salman, the visit marks the lifting of an informal embargo imposed on him by the West: US President Joe Baden, who will travel to the Middle East for the first time since taking office in mid-July, plans to visit Saudi Arabia as well. Arabia to meet with the Crown Prince.

"One of the main motivations for Saudi Arabia is to create a Sunni front, which will include Turkey, to counter Iran's influence in the region," said Gonul Toll, director of the Middle East Institute's Turkey program. of Washington.

But, according to her, "this approach will not allow solving the big economic problems" of Turkey.

"Furthermore, Mohammed bin Salman will not easily forget Turkey's stance on the Kasogi case," she said.

"At that time he was trying to promote an image of a reformer in the country and on the international stage. "But with the Kasogi case, Turkey dealt a severe blow to this image."

Revelation Le Pen: "I accepted a proposal from Macron for a government of national unity"

 In the temptation of cooperation (and) with the extreme right, it seems that Emanuel Macron wants to give up.

According to what was revealed by the leader of the far right in France, Marie Le Pen, the French president addressed her with an invitation to form a government of national unity, since after the recent parliamentary elections, she does not have the absolute majority.

The deputies of the "National Coalition", that is, the Le Pen party, come to the Presidential Palace for talks in order to impose at least some of their terms.

For the time being, Lepen's intentions have not been clarified, however, the contacts in the context of the investigations continue in order to solve the impasse and the country to have a stable government.

However, if Macron does not secure broader alliances, Macron will be forced to govern on a case-by-case basis, depending on the legislation that will be put to a vote.

However, in the event of a government alliance with Le Pen, the French president will be completely exposed to criticism, especially from the progressive voters who supported him in the presidential election precisely so that Le Pen would not be at the Champs Elysees.

Macron's intention to seek a solution in a government of national unity was also confirmed by the secretary of the Communist Party, Fabien Roussell, who had a meeting with the French president on Tuesday.

Chrysoula Zacharopoulou: The gynecologist - Deputy Minister of Macron, is accused of raping a woman

 Chrysoula Zacharopoulou has a rich biography in relation to her work in the European Parliament - She left her position to join the Macron government.

Chrysoula Zacharopoulou, Deputy Minister of Development, French and International Cooperation of the Macron government, is in the crosshairs of the investigation after the accusations against her for rape.

Her alleged acts were allegedly committed in the context of his duties as a gynecologist. According to Marianne, an investigation has been launched by the Paris prosecutor's office.

According to information cited by Marianne, two allegations of rape have been filed against 46-year-old Chrysoula Zacharopoulou, with the first complaint being made on May 25. The Paris prosecutor's office told Marianne that an investigation was launched two days later, on May 27, to "determine whether the facts are criminal." According to information confirmed by the prosecutor's office, the second lawsuit was filed on June 16, while both incidents allegedly took place "in a medical environment" in 2016 against an adult woman.

Chrysoula Zacharopoulou joined Elizabeth Bourne's government on May 20th. She has been a Member of the European Parliament since July 2, 2019, a position she left to join the government. She is credited with working hard to recognize endometriosis as a major condition, with a special report she submitted to the French President himself on January 11, 2022.

For the time being, the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, to which Ms. Zacharopoulou belongs, has not commented on the accusations.

Ms. Zacharopoulou is the second French government minister to be charged with rape. He was preceded in death by Damien Abad, the Minister for Solidarity and People with Disabilities, who was accused immediately after taking office of raping two women in late 2010 and early 2011. He denied the allegations, citing a rare illness that renders him physically incapable of committing the crimes for which he is charged.

Who is Chrysoula Zacharopoulou?

Chrysoula Zacharopoulou, a distinguished gynecologist originally from Corinth, took an important position in the French government regarding the issues of Development, Francophonie and International Partnerships, while she is attached to the Minister of Europe and Foreign Affairs.

She is the daughter of Nikos Zacharopoulos, former deputy mayor of the municipality of Sikyonia in Corinth and declares herself "deeply European".

Ms. Zacharopoulou has studied in Italy and for years worked at a University Hospital in Paris.

In her political career, Chr. Zacharopoulou has also served as Vice-Chair of the EP Development Committee. In addition to her participation in parliamentary committees, she was a member of the EP delegation to the ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly.

He has also been a member of the MEPs on cancer, the European Parliament cross-party group on cancer, the European Parliament cross-party group on LGBT rights and a member of the European Parliament cross-party group on Disability and the cross-party group on prosperity. and animal conservation.

In November 2021, the European Union Foreign Affairs Council ratified Josep Borrell's proposal and appointed Zacharopoulou as the key figure in strengthening coordination between EU Member States and accelerating efforts to share COVID vaccine doses. -19, especially in Africa.

In December, he accompanied European Council President Charles Michel and French Minister for Europe and Foreign Affairs Jean-Yves Le Drian on official trips to Senegal.

In the past, she was honored by the former President of France, François Hollande, with the title of "Knight of the National Order of Value", for her contribution to medical issues and especially to the issue of endometriosis.

US: Plan to reduce nicotine in cigarettes to "non-addictive levels"

 The amount of nicotine in cigarettes sold in the US is going to be reduced to a minimum or at least non-addictive levels. What the plan provides.

The White House announced on Tuesday (21/06) that it was preparing a plan to significantly reduce nicotine in cigarettes in an effort to drastically reduce cancer deaths.

However, this measure, which is in the immediate plans of Joe Biden, is likely to provoke reactions in the tobacco industry.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), smoking remains the leading cause of death in the United States, with 480,000 deaths each year.

Nicotine is a highly addictive chemical associated with the "good feeling" that tobacco products offer.

In a statement, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) referred to the plan for a proposed product "standard" that would set a maximum nicotine level in cigarettes and "finish" some other tobacco products, according to the BBC.

"Making cigarettes and other tobacco products less addictive or non-addictive would help save lives," said FDA Commissioner Dr. Robert M. Califf.

He went on to say that lowering nicotine levels could reduce the likelihood of young people becoming addicted to cigarettes and help current smokers quit.

By 2020, an estimated 30.8 million adults in the United States were smoking cigarettes. U.S. General Surgery estimates that 87% of adult smokers start by age 18.

The initiative comes after the Biden government set targets in February to reduce the cancer death rate by at least 50% over the next 25 years as part of its Cancer Moonshot campaign.

However, experts say it could take at least a year for the FDA, which deals with the regulatory framework for cigarettes, to issue a proposed rule that could later be delayed due to reactions, according to the Washington Post.

The tobacco industry, which is likely to react strongly to such a major change in its products, could face the final regulation - when it is formulated - in court.

Alarm in Bulgaria: Kozloduy nuclear reactor shut down

One of the two 1,000-megawatt reactors at the Kozloduy nuclear power plant was shut down after a generator failure.

Bulgaria's only nuclear power plant, which produces about a third of the country's electricity, shut down one of its two 1,000-megawatt reactors today after a generator fault, with no radioactive leakage, it said. station.

Today at 06:05 (local time and Greek time) the operation of unit 5 of the Kozloduy nuclear power plant was stopped "due to a malfunctioning system" of the generator "and activation of electrical protection in the non-nuclear part" of the plant.

Emergency protection was activated, but "there is no change in the state of radioactivity in the facility," the station said in a statement.

Kozloduy's second reactor, Unit 6 of the same capacity, is still in full operation, according to the station.

The date, on which Unit 5 will be able to reconnect to the electricity network, was not specified, as reported by APE-MPE. It was turned off less than a month ago for maintenance and power supply.

Kozloduy, Bulgaria's only nuclear power plant, produces about a third of the country's electricity thanks to two reactors that took over from four small reactors that closed in 2002 and 2006 to meet European Union requirements.


Australia: A man chases a crocodile, chasing him with ... a pan

 An owner of a pub in Australia, like another "Crocodile", chases the reptile from the yard of his shop with a pan and goes viral.

Kai Hansen, a pub owner from Australia, as soon as he saw a crocodile approaching his plot, wasted no time, grabbed a pan and attacked it.

He himself, having a pub by the river, knows well what it is like to face a crocodile. Only this time, his reaction was recorded on video.

As you can see the crocodile has emerged from the river and the bushes, heading towards the pub. The owner, leaving the store and having a pan in his hands, starts attacking him, forcing him to retreat.

Following the posting of the above video on the internet, there were several users who claimed that the man abused the animal unnecessarily, while others took his side, stressing that he was forced to hit the animal in order to protect himself and the customers of the store.

Macron sermon on Wednesday night

 Macron will address the French nation tonight, in his first public statement on the result of the parliamentary elections and the loss of the absolute majority in the National Assembly.

The President of France Emanuel Macron will address the nation on Wednesday (22/06) at 20.00, local time (21.00 Greek time), as announced by his office.

Macron and the parties that support him lost the absolute majority in the National Assembly, in Sunday's elections and are trying to find allies to implement the agenda of the government's reforms.

The French president has so far not publicly commented on the result of the second round of parliamentary elections.

Revelation Le Pen: "I accepted a proposal from Macron for a government of national unity"

In the temptation of cooperation (and) with the extreme right, it seems that Emanuel Macron wants to give up.

According to what was revealed by the leader of the far right in France, Marie Le Pen, the French president addressed her with an invitation to form a government of national unity, since after the recent parliamentary elections, she does not have the absolute majority.

The deputies of the "National Coalition", that is, the Le Pen party, come to the Presidential Palace for talks in order to impose at least some of their terms.

For the time being, Lepen's intentions have not been clarified, however, the contacts in the context of the investigations continue in order to solve the impasse and the country to have a stable government.

However, if Macron does not secure broader alliances, Macron will be forced to govern on a case-by-case basis, depending on the legislation that will be put to a vote.

However, in the event of a government alliance with Le Pen, the French president will be completely exposed to criticism, especially from the progressive voters who supported him in the presidential election precisely so that Le Pen would not be at the Champs Elysees.

Macron's intention to seek a solution in a government of national unity was also confirmed by the secretary of the Communist Party, Fabien Roussell, who had a meeting with the French president on Tuesday.

Spain: The first transmitted case of cholera since 1979 has been identified

 The first locally transmitted case of cholera, after 1979, was identified by the health authorities in Spain. Patient a woman who drank contaminated water in Toledo.

Spanish authorities have identified the first locally transmitted case of cholera in more than four decades, regional health authorities said today, although the infected person has already recovered and no other cases have been reported so far.

A patient was treated in a private healthcare unit in Madrid and later discharged after receiving treatment, a spokesman for the Madrid health authority said, without giving treatment dates or other details.

He became infected after drinking water in a house in Toledo, 75 km south of the capital in the Castilla La Mancha area, and the property has since been closed for security reasons, according to local health officials.

What is cholera?

Cholera is an acute diarrheal infection caused by the bacterium Cholera (Vibrio cholerae) and can be fatal if left untreated. It is transmitted mainly from contaminated food and water.

According to the APE-MPE, the last major locally transmitted outbreak of cholera in Spain was in 1979, when 267 cases were reported, mainly in Barcelona and Malaga. Since then, health authorities have recorded only a few imported cases each year.

Regular outbreaks of the disease are not uncommon, especially in developing countries or war zones where there is often no cure available.

According to the World Health Organization, 1.3 to 4 million cases of cholera are reported worldwide each year.

Ukraine: Attack on Bild journalists' vehicle - Greek photojournalist among them

 Photojournalist George Moutafis and two colleagues of the Bild newspaper, who were leaving the almost surrounded by Russian forces, Lisichansk, are in good health.

A vehicle belonging to journalists of the German newspaper Bild was attacked on its way out of Lisichansk in eastern Ukraine.

Photojournalist George Moutafis along with Paul Ronzheimer and Vadim Moisenko were leaving the city, which is almost surrounded by Russian forces when a mortar exploded in the street. Fortunately, no one was injured, only a car window was broken.

Bulgaria: Government loses vote of confidence

 Bulgaria in political crisis again after the defeat in the Parliament of the Petkov government. He lost the vote of confidence.

The government of Bulgarian Prime Minister Kirill Petkov was defeated today in a vote in Parliament to cast a vote of confidence, a fact that is expected to plunge the country into a new political crisis.

The motion of censure against the government was voted by 123 deputies, while 116 voted against, out of a total of 240, said Parliament Vice President Miroslav Ivanov.

The catalyst for this outcome was the disagreement over whether Bulgaria should unblock Northern Macedonia's accession to the European Union.

Petkov, a 42-year-old Harvard graduate who has pledged to fight corruption, has taken a clearly pro-European and pro-pro-Russian stance since the start of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, an unusual approach to a Reuters agency. Political analysts predict that the new government will adopt a "more neutral stance".

"This vote is just a small step on a very long road," Petkov said after it was completed.

Bulgaria could lead to new elections in the fourth quarter of April 2021, jeopardizing millions of euros from EU recovery funds and its plans to adopt the single European currency in 2024.

The political stalemate could also hamper Sofia's efforts to ensure a steady flow of gas after Moscow cut off supplies due to Bulgaria's refusal to pay in rubles. It should be noted that Bulgaria is heavily dependent on Russian gas.

Petkov has rejected talks with opposition parties on forming a governing coalition and will seek to reach out to dissident lawmakers in a last-ditch effort to avoid early elections.

President Rumen Radev will re-instruct Kirill Petkov's party to form a new government. If it fails, two more parties will try. In case of failure, the parliament will be dissolved and new elections will be called.

Macron Discourse: Blocked the scenario of a national unity government

 Emanuel Macron spoke in his speech about his meetings with the leaders of the parties in the French Parliament, who ruled out the idea of ​​a government of national unity. What he said.

The French President, Emanuel Macron, addressed the French people in his short sermon on concessions and collaborations.

In his speech, Emanuel Macron initially spoke of a strong abstention in Sunday's election. Addressing the French people, he said: "On April 24, you renewed your confidence in me by electing me President of the Republic. I would like to congratulate the Members who won your votes here. My thoughts are also with the outgoing deputies, the losers ".

As the French President said, "First of all, I can not ignore the strong abstention that obliges us all to give more prominence to our collective actions in the great democratic assemblies. Nor can I ignore the rifts, the deep divisions that run through our country and are reflected in the composition of the new Parliament ".

He then referred to the meetings with the other leaders of the parliamentary parties. "Most of the leaders I have spoken to have ruled out the idea of ​​a national unity government, which, in my view, is not justified. "(…) So I believe that it is possible, in this critical moment that we live in, to find a larger and clearer majority for action", said Emanuel Macron. "So I hope, in the coming weeks, that this political transgression will continue with clarity and responsibility," he continued.

Emanuel Macron then called for "learning to govern and legislate differently" in response to the "fractures" revealed by the parliamentary elections. "No political force today can legislate on its own. "The presidential majority is indeed relevant," he said.

Jean-Luc Melanson: Macron to resign if he does not have the confidence of Parliament

Jean-Luc Melanson immediately reacted to Emanuel Macron's speech: "There can be no reality other than this: the executive is weak and the National Assembly is strong. Nothing should allow the democratic demand to be ignored. The Prime Minister must appear before the National Assembly. "If he does not have the confidence of Parliament, he must resign," he said, while the President of the Republic did not mention the name of Elizabeth Bourne in his speech.

"There is no reason to ignore the reality: the prime minister must appear before the National Assembly and ask for its trust," he reiterated. "Power must remain with the law of democracy. The vote of confidence must pass or fail. We do not need to go any further, since reality is what will remain.

France: A majority of citizens are happy with Macron's defeat according to a poll

 Questions about Macron's future are raised by the results of a poll, according to which 7 out of 10 French people are happy that the French president did not win the absolute majority. "It's good for democracy," they say.

According to a poll conducted on behalf of a French television station, about 7 out of 10 French people are happy that the re-elected President of the Republic Emanuel Macron did not win the absolute parliamentary majority in June, considering that this is "good for democracy".

Also 43% believe that the far right Marin Le Pen better embodies the role of the opposition in Emanuel Macron, compared to 31% who believe that it is Jean-Luc Melanson with the People's Union of Left parties, while only 4% see this role the Republicans.

The French, on the other hand, are divided when asked which party the French president would like to negotiate with the French government.

24% of French people want Emanuel Macron to negotiate first and foremost with the Left, 21% with the far right, 20% with the center-right Republicans, while 35% say they have no opinion.

Solts: "Partnership with Russia unthinkable in the near future"

 Olaf Solz ruled out any cooperation with "Putin's" aggressive imperialist Russia "in the near future, calling it" unthinkable. "

"Europe stands united on the side of the Ukrainian people," said Chancellor Olaf Soltz. - Russia. He also acknowledged that "we are too far away" from the Kiev-Moscow talks.

"We will do everything to maintain an international order based on law and not violence (….) But Ukraine and only Ukraine decides what is right for it in possible negotiations with Russia. "Nothing for Ukraine without Ukraine," the chancellor told the Federal Parliament in a briefing ahead of next week's European Council.

Mr Soltz also referred to the need to rebuild Ukraine, calling it a "multi-generational project", as was clear from the situation in Irpin, which he visited last week. The situation is reminiscent of images from German cities after the end of World War II.

"And like war-torn Europe then, Ukraine today needs a Marshall Plan to rebuild it," he said, noting that Germany is always at the forefront of aid and solidarity. "The EU has mobilized billions of euros in aid. "But we will need a lot more for reconstruction - and in the coming years - and this is only possible by joining forces." Ukraine, which will help it on its European path.

On the threat of a food crisis, Olaf Solz called for solutions to the Ukrainian grain that remains blocked, "while the world is in dire need of it" and referred to the UN assessment of "the worst famine in decades".

He even warned of the danger of Russia and China taking advantage of the situation if there is no solidarity for the affected countries and stressed the need for the message that "the world's democracies stand united in the fight against hunger" to come from the Summits. G7, EU and NATO Summit.

"And the goal is 27 times 'yes' to Ukraine and Moldova," he said, noting that the EU "must finally keep its promises to the West Of the Balkans ". This, however, he clarified, requires reforms in the EU itself, for less unanimity and more decisions by a qualified majority, e.g. in foreign policy, but in any case, the accession of a country presupposes that the "Copenhagen criteria" are met, with particular emphasis on the rule of law, the justice system and the protection of minorities.

Maradona: Eight health professionals will be tried for premeditated murder

 Eight health professionals are expected to stand trial on the charge of premeditated murder, for the death of Diego Maradona.

Eight health professionals will be tried in Argentina for premeditated murder, at the closing of the "curtain" of the investigation into the death of the world football legend, Diego Maradona, in November 2020, at the age of 60 from a heart attack.

A judge in San Isidro, Argentina, has accepted the lawsuit against the health professionals in question, including a neurosurgeon and family doctor, a clinician, a psychiatrist, a psychologist and a nursing director.

The prosecutor, in fact, had requested the specific trial in April, pointing out shortcomings and negligence in the care of the Argentine star, according to the APE-MPE.

The suspects will be tried for "simple homicide with dolus eventualis", a crime characterized when a person commits negligence knowing that it can cause the death of someone.

They face sentences ranging from 8 to 25 years in prison, but will have to appear free at trial, as the San Isidro prosecutor never requested their pre-trial detention.

According to prosecutors, the staff responsible for Maradona was "the protagonist of an unprecedented, completely incomplete and reckless home treatment" and had committed a "series of improvisations, mismanagement of the whole situation".

An expert report, in the context of the investigation, had concluded that the former player had been "left to his fate" by his medical team, leading him to a slow death.

However, the date for the trial has not been announced yet.

Malta: Tourist asks to leave the country - She is not allowed an abortion while her life is in danger

 Andrea and her partner have been waiting in Malta for almost a week after she bled. The Maltese authorities refuse to abort her, as well as to travel to do so in another country.

A couple of Americans today appealed to the Maltese authorities to allow them to leave the country so that the woman could have an abortion and not risk her life further, after she showed symptoms of miscarriage.

Andrea Prudente and her partner, Jay Wildrayer, from Seattle, were vacationing on the island when Prudente, who is 16 weeks pregnant, was bleeding. The couple asked for the pregnancy to be terminated so that Prudente would not risk infection or even death. But doctors in Malta refused, Wilderier told the local Times.

The couple then asked to fly to Britain, where they could have an abortion, but doctors refused to certify that Andrea was able to travel.

"We came to Malta to celebrate the pregnancy. "We certainly did not come to have an abortion, but we are here to discuss how to save a woman's life," Wilderier, 45, told the newspaper.

Andrea and her partner have been waiting for almost a week after doctors told them they would lose the baby. The medical staff of Mater Dei State Hospital refuse to have an abortion because there is still a heartbeat and do not consider the mother's life to be in immediate danger.

The Maltese health authorities did not respond to a request for comment.

"We got stuck here (…) we chose Malta because it was safe and had good health care and now we are being held hostage to this situation," Wildrayer said.

The Maltese NGO Doctors For Choice said it supported the couple's request and warned that there was a risk of a repeat of the tragedy of Savita Jalapanavar, who died of sepsis in Ireland in 2012 after being discharged on the 17th. week of her pregnancy. "The infection can spread to the uterus and blood, leading to death," the organization said, according to APE-MPE.

According to opinion polls, the vast majority of Maltese disagree with the legalization of abortion. The country's two largest parties are also opposed to legalizing abortion.

Malta is the only country in the European Union that does not allow abortions under any circumstances.

Tanzania: Four dead and 132 injured by train derailment

 Two children among the victims of a rail accident in Tanzania. All eight wagons of the 930 train were derailed.

At least four people, including two children, were killed and 132 others were injured when a passenger train derailed today in the Tambora region of central Tanzania.

According to the announcement of the TRC railway organization, the accident occurred at 11 in the morning (local time) about 10 kilometers away from the Tambora railway station.

The train, of which all eight wagons were derailed, had a total of 930 people on board. They had left Kigoma for Dar es Salaam.

The 132 injured were taken to Tambora city hospital.

The causes of the derailment are being investigated, according to the TRC.

Russia: Fears of Bankruptcy - Putin signs new Eurobond decree

 Putin has signed a decree on a new scheme to service Eurobonds, as the possibility of bankruptcy, which could occur in late June, is visible.

Russian President Vladimir Putin today signed a decree on foreign bond payment procedures, as investors closely monitor the possibility of a possible default on foreign debt.

According to the Athenian and Macedonian News Agency, the Kremlin has stated that there is no reason for Russia to default on its debt. Moscow says it has the funds, but is struggling to pay interest to bondholders because of Western sanctions, and accuses the West of trying to drive Russia into artificial bankruptcy.

Putin had given the government 10 days to select the banks that would process the Eurobond payments as part of a new plan, which suggests that Russia will consider that its debt obligations will be met when it pays the bondholders in rubles.

Failure to service foreign debt due to Western sanctions imposed on what Russia calls a "special military operation" in Ukraine has pushed it closer to its first failure to pay international bonds since the Bolshevik revolution a year ago. and more century.

The decree states that "obligations in Eurobonds of the Russian Federation shall be deemed to be duly fulfilled if they are executed in rubles in an amount equivalent to the value of the obligations in a foreign currency." According to the decree, the exchange rate will be based on the exchange rate that exists in the Russian foreign exchange market on the day of payment.

Bankruptcy could occur in late June. Russia was due to pay $ 71.25 million and $ 26.5 million in interest-free bonds on May 27.

Russia has said it has transferred cash to the National Settlement Depository, but sanctions may have prevented further development. To avoid defaults, the money must end up in the bondholders' accounts within a 30-day grace period.

The finance ministry announced last week that Russia would pay in rubles for its Eurobonds, which could later be converted into foreign currency.

Zelenski: He will participate in the NATO Summit via teleconference

 Volodymyr Zelensky will take part in the upcoming NATO Summit in Madrid via teleconference. "(The Summit) will be dedicated to Ukraine."

Volodymyr Zelensky will take part in the upcoming NATO Summit in Madrid via teleconference. "(The Summit) will be dedicated to Ukraine."

"You have to understand the extreme conditions, of absolute complexity, regarding the entry or exit (from Ukraine) of President Zelensky," he stressed.

The Spanish Foreign Minister assured that "the Madrid summit will give a picture of Euro-Atlantic unity", which "is the best response to Russia's illegal attack on Ukraine".

NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg said last week that Zelensky was due to attend the upcoming Alliance summit, but did not say what form that participation would take. "He is welcome in person or by video conference," Stoltenberg said.

Invited by German Chancellor Olaf Solz, Zelensky is also expected to attend a teleconference at the G7 summit in Bavaria on Sunday through Tuesday, amid intense diplomatic mobility following the summit of European leaders in Brussels. is expected to grant Ukraine candidate status for EU membership shortly before the NATO summit.

Middle Ages in Iran: Prisoners mutilated for burglary

 Dramatic UN appeal to Iran over its medieval methods of punishing prisoners. Amputation, flogging and stoning between sentences.

The United Nations has called on Iran to revoke the amputation sentences of eight detainees and called on Tehran to abolish all corporal punishment.

The seven men are being held in central Tehran, according to UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Ravina Samdasani.

"We are deeply concerned about the impending imminent amputation of the eight men convicted of burglary and call on the Iranian authorities to overturn the execution," he said in a statement issued in Geneva.

"We also urge Iran to urgently review the criminal sanctions it imposes in order to abolish all forms of corporal punishment, such as mutilation, flogging and stoning," he added.

According to the UN, the eight men have been sentenced to amputation of the four fingers of their right hand and may be transferred to Evin Prison, where a special guillotine was recently placed. Recently, this machine was used to amputate another man's fingers.

Iranian civil society organizations say at least 237 people have been sentenced to mutilation in the past 20 years. The sentences were carried out in at least 129 cases, according to Samdasani.

The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, of which Iran is a party, prohibits torture, including inhumane punishments.

According to the latest report by UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, Iran has executed more than 100 people since the beginning of the year by March 20, continuing a worrying upward trend. In 2020, 260 people were executed and 310 in 2021, including 14 women. Executions are usually carried out by hanging.

Elections in France: Absolute majority in the National Assembly is a difficult goal for Macron

 The party that will come out first in the parliamentary elections in France will lead with a difference of breasts, with the estimates giving the first place in the "People's Union" of Jean-Luc Melanson.

About four hours after the last ballot box closed in France, analysts and pollsters were still unable to say with certainty which party won first place in the first round of parliamentary elections.

Most estimate that Jean-Luc Melanson's "People's Union" will eventually take first place, albeit with a difference of breasts, and that in the second round the "Together" faction, which is next to President Emanuel Macron, will win the most seats.

They also agree, according to the APE-MPE, that the leader of the left-wing Melanson alliance will probably not achieve his goal of being "elected" prime minister, as he will not secure an absolute majority in the National Assembly that will emerge in the second round of elections. will take place next Sunday, and that the re-elected president Emmanuel Macron will hardly achieve his own goal, which was none other than having an absolute majority in the French National Assembly.

Both sides, however, hope that next Sunday the abstention will be shorter, expecting that this will be to their advantage. It is noted that on Sunday (12/06) the abstention reached 51.5%.

One of the questions raised in the run-up to the second round of parliamentary elections is what position the parties will take in the regions that will not have their own candidate in the second round.

Marin Le Pen said she was calling on her constituents not to take a stand on the Macron-Melanson dilemma.

The faction close to Macron announced that in regions where a candidate close to Melanson will compete with a candidate close to Le Pen "will judge on a case-by-case basis".

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